Monday, April 23, 2018

English Privateer Lord Clive Found-- Part 1

From the May 10, 2015, NDTV  "After 252 Years, English Warship To be Recovered Off Uruguay."

The Lord Clive was sunk by the Spanish in 1763 and discovered off Uruguay by Ruben Collado in 2004.

It was announced Friday, May 8, that he had received permission from the government of Uruguay to bring up the remains of the 60-gun privateer from off the coast of Colonia del Sacramento.

It was sunk by gunfire from the Spanish while the English and Portuguese bombarded the city during the Seven years War.  Some 270 died aboard the Lord Clive.  The Spanish were able to hold on to the city, but it was later returned to Portugal under the Treaty of 1763.

The Lord Clive was reported to have been carrying a lot of gold as well as barrels of mercury and rum.


A Fire at NIU in 1967

From the March 8, 2017, MidWeek  "Looking Back."

1967, 50 Years Ago.

"DeKalb firemen made quick work of the blaze in the barracks type building at Northern Illinois University, but the extreme heat in the office, where the blaze started, caused damage that will run up to $3,000."

Because of the fast growth of NIU after World War II, many barracks-style building were constructed to handle the overflow of students.


Saturday, April 21, 2018

10 Forgotten Americans-- Part 3: Watergate, Cortisone and Voting

4.  EDMUND G. ROSS--  During Reconstruction, cast the not guilty vote in the Andrew Johnson impeachment trial that got Johnson off.

3.  MYRA COLBY BRADWELL--  Worked to better the lives of women.

2.  PERCY JULIAN--  Developed an inexpensive production of cortisone, important in the treatment of arthritis.

1.  FRANK WILLS--  On June 17, 1972, he was night watchman at the Watergate office building in Washington, D.C..  He noticed a break-in and called the police.  The rest is, as they say, is history.


10 Forgotten Americans-- Part 2: Roger Sherman Signed Three Really Important American Documents

7.  ROGER SHERMAN--  Backed equal representation in the Constitutional Convention.  The only person to sign the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation and the Constitution.

6.  MARY BOWSER--  Slave.  Union spy.  Served in the Confederate White House in Richmond, Virginia, and relayed what she overheard to Union lines.

5.  ANGIE TURNER WITTENMEYER--  Social and political activist.  Social worker in Iowa Civil War camp.  Pushed nutritional food to help sick and wounded soldiers recover.  Prominent in  Women's Christian Temperance Union.


Thursday, April 19, 2018

10 Forgotten Americans-- Part 1: Slavery in New York and Massachusetts

From the March 26, 2015, ListVerse  "10 Forgotten Americans Who Made American History" by Ardelia Lee.

Remember.  More information and pictures at the site.

10.  ELIZABETH JENNINGS GRAHAM--  A black woman in New York City, who in 1854 got on a horse-drawn carriage designated for white people.

9.  JAMES ARMISTEAD LAFAYETTE--  A Virginia slave who was an American spy during the Revolutionary War.

8.  ELIZABETH FREEMAN--  Born a slave in New York.  Brought a case against her owners when they moved to Massachusetts.  Set precedent for the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts.

That's Right.  There Was Slavery in New York and Massachusetts At One  Time.  --Cooter

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Saving the Black Hawk Statue in Illinois

From the U.S. News & World Report  "Groups trying to save Northern Illinois' Black Hawk statue"  AP.

The 48-foot tall, 270 ton landmark located on a bluff in Lowden State Park on the Rock River is getting very old and in need of repairs.  Since five years ago, it has been covered in black protective sheets because of a lack of state funding and disagreements between groups working to preserve it.

Before being covered up it was quite a tourist attraction, drawing 400,000 visitors a year.  That number is down considerably.

Famed sculptor Lorado Taft made the Eternal Indian statue and it was dedicated in 1911 and listed on the NRHP in 2001.

It is most commonly called Black Hawk or the Rock River Collossus.


Landmarks Illinois Offering Grants for World War I Memorials

From Landmarks Illinois.

There are only two more chances for people to apply for the Landmarks Illinois World War I Memorial Preservation Grant program.

The group is providing funding for outdoor monuments and memorials to the war 100 years ago.

The last two opportunities end May 15 and August 15, 2018.


Tuesday, April 17, 2018

The Tuscania Monument On Islay Island-- Part 2: The Sinking of the HMS Otranto

Eight months later, on October 8, 1918, was carrying troops from New York to Glasgow when it collided with the steamship HMS Kashmir in a heavy storm.

Over 400 of the American troops and British crew were lost.  Many of them were buried at the military cemetery at Kilchoman.  This cemetery has the Kilchoman Cross dating to the 1300s.


The Tuscania Monument on Islay Island; American Monument on Oa

From the Welcome to Islay site.

The American Monument sits atop a 429-foot high cliff on the Oa Peninsula and was erected in 1920 by the American Red Cross.  It was designed by architect Robert Walked and commemorates the loss of two troopships, the Tuscania and Otranto in 1918.

It overlooks the exact spot where the Tuscania was sunk and is built in the shape of a lighthouse.  You can see it from most parts of the island of Islay.


Monday, April 16, 2018

100th Aero Squadron of World War I

From Wikipedia.

Part of the U.S. Army in World War I.  Ordered to the Western Front and boarded the SS Tuscania 23 January 1918.  Torpedoed 5 February and ship sunk but most of the 100th rescued.

Reformed in England as assigned as Day Bombardment Squadron for long-range bombing attacks on roads, railroads and massed troop formations.

However, just before its first scheduled combat mission the war ended with the 1918 Armistice.  Returned to the States in June 1919 and demobilized.  The group was never reactivated.


SS Tuscania-- Part 5: American Units Aboard the Ship When Sunk

100th Aero Squadron

158th Aero Squadron

213th Aero Squadron

32nd Infantry Division

20th Engineer Battalion

357th Infantry

165th Depot


Friday, April 13, 2018

SS Tuscania-- Part 4: A Mount St. Helens Connection

One of the military men on the Tuscania was Harry Randall Truman who died in the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens in Washington State.  He was a member of the 100th Aero squadron.  He survived the sinking and because of his audacious and independent nature, received several injuries while serving in Europe.

Despite warnings of the impending eruption of the volcano, Truman refused to go to safety and remained at his Mount. St. Helens Lodge on Spirit Lake and died in the eruption.

Reading the account of him in Wikipedia he was quite a character.


Thursday, April 12, 2018

SS Tuscania Sunk By U-Boat-- Part 3: Sunk By the UB-77

On 5 February 1918, the convoy the Tuscania was in was spotted by the UB-77 during daytime and then stalked until early evening.  The German submarine fired two torpedoes and the second one struck.  The Tuscania sank in four hours, nearly three years to the day of its maiden voyage.

Many of the drowned washed up on the shore of Islay Island,.Scotland, and are buried there.  After the war, many of them were reinterred in the Brookwood Military Cemetery.

In 1919, the United states built a memorial on the island.


Wednesday, April 11, 2018

SS Tuscania Sunk By German Torpedo-- Part 2

The ship, an ocean liner, was launched in 1914 and began carrying passengers between New York City and Glasgow, Scotland.  It made the news when it rescued the passengers and crew of the burning Greek steamer SS Athinai on 20 September 1915.

In 1916, the Tuscania was refitted as a troopship and in one trip across the Atlantic in March 1917 evaded a German submarine and a suspected merchant cruiser.

On 24 January 1918, the Tuscania departed Hoboken, New Jersey, with a crew of 384 and 2,013 Army personnel.


Tuesday, April 10, 2018

SS Tuscania Sunk in 1918 During World War I-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

Back in February I wrote about the sinking of the SS Tuscania on February 6, 1918, after being torpedoed by a German submarine with the loss of 267 of the 2,179 American soldiers it was transporting to Europe.  In the last post I wrote about the DeKalb soldier, James Ellwood Lewis witnessing it.

Here is some more information about the Tuscania.

Was a luxury liner of the Cunard Line subsidiary Anchor Line.  Named after Tuscania, Italy.  Launched 4 September 1914.  Sunk Feb. 5, 1918.

It was 14,348 tons, 567 feet long, 66.4 foot beam.  Mounted a 4-inch naval gun mounted in October 1916.

Torpedoed by the U-77 while transporting American troops to Europe.  Two hundred and ten died.


DeKalb Soldier Sees the Sinking of the Tuscania

From the March 28, 2018, MidWeek  "Looking Back."

1918, 100 Years Ago.

"  The sinking of the Tuscania was viewed by one DeKalb soldier, James Ellwood Lewis, who has written meager news to the effect that he was with the convoy of the ill-fated ship."


Monday, April 9, 2018

Hot for Teacher in Bensenville in 1918

From the March 28, 2018, MidWeek  "Looking Back."

1918, 100 Years Ago.

"Miss Charlotte Ritter, pretty and vivacious Genoa young woman who has been teaching in the Bensenville schools, resigned Friday and left her home, following an argument of several days with members of the school board and the teachers in the school because she approves of dancing and bridge whist."

What a party animal.  I am sure there were some very, very disappointed boys.

Hot For Teacher.  --CootHot