Sunday, July 24, 2016

National Doughnut Day-- Part 4: "Doughboys" to Doughnuts

Margaret Sheldon wrote that one busy day, that she made "22 pies, 300 doughnuts, 700 cups of coffee.

The women who did this soon became known as "Doughnut Girls."

This great popularized doughnuts which carried over when the men returned home.

There is, however, a misconception that the term "Doughboy" which was given to American soldiers during the war came from this love of doughnuts.  However, this term dates back to the Mexican War of 1846-1848.

During World War II, Red Cross volunteers also distributed doughnuts and became known as "Doughnut Dollies."


Saturday, July 23, 2016

National Doughnut Day-- Part 3: A World War I Connection

From Wikipedia.

Soon after the United States entered World War I, the Salvation Army sent people to France to find out how the organization could best serve the troops.  This group determined it could best do this by opening canteens/social centers called "huts" that could provide baked goods, writing supplies, stamps and clothes-mending services.

Oh yes, and COFFEE.

Typically, "huts" consisted of six people, four of whom would be women to "mother" the soldiers.  Huts were set up near U.S. training bases.

About 250 volunteers went to France and found that providing baked goods was difficult and two female volunteers, Margaret Sheldon and Helen Purviance, came up with the idea of providing doughnuts for the baked goods.

The doughnuts were an instant hit, and soldiers began visiting the huts in large numbers.


Friday, July 22, 2016

National Doughnut Day-- Part 2: "Doughnut Lassies"

Doughnut Day was established by the Salvation Army in 1938 to honor its Doughnut Lassies who served treats to soldiers during World War I.  They are credited with popularizing the doughnut in the United States when the troops returned home after the war.

The Salvation Army celebrated its first Doughnut Day in Chicago to help raise funds during the Great Depression.

I believe in Illinois, this is also connected with Cop on a Roof Day where police get up on the roofs of Dunkin' Donut stores to get people to come in and donate.


Thursday, July 21, 2016

You Missed National Doughnut Day, June 3rd-- Part 1

From the June 2, 2016, Goldsboro (NC) News-Argus "National Doughnut Day offers up chance to give."

On Friday, the Salvation Army and Krispy Kreme are celebrating National Doughnut Day.  This is celebrated every first Friday in June.

All day Friday, customers will receive a free doughnut of their choice and have the opportunity to donate to the Salvation Army.

The Salvation Army will have those familiar red kettles set up in Krispy Kremes to support the group's programs in Wayne and Sampson counties.

I am amazed that Krispy Kreme would be involved in this.

Mmmmm, Krispy Kreme.  --CootKreme

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Nine Famous Movie Sets Thanks to the Antiquities Act-- Part 2

5.  ACADIA NATIONAL PARK:  "Pet Semetery"

6.  CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK:  "Exorcist"  The infamous steps in Georgetown.

7.  ARCHES NATIONAL PARK:  "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade"

8.  ZION NATIONAL PARK:  "Butch Cassidy & the Sundance Kid"



Monday, July 18, 2016

Nine Famous Movie Sets Thanks to the Antiquities Act-- Part 1

From the August 28, 2014, Preservation Blog "9 Iconic Movie Sets, Starring the Antiquities Act" by Denise Ryan.

The Antiquities Act is considered America's first preservation law.  The 1906 law protects historical places across the U.S., many that have been featured in Hollywood blockbusters.

DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL PARK:  "Star Wars"  It was the desert planet Tatooine.

DEVIL'S TOWER NATIONAL MONUMENT:  "Close Encounters of the Third Kind"

STATUE OF LIBERTY NATIONAL MONUMENT:  "Titanic", "Day After Tomorrow," "Splash,"

ELLIS ISLAND:  12 million immigrants came through here 1892-1954.  "Godfather"


Saturday, July 16, 2016

Founder of Chick-Fil-A S. Truett Cathy, Died in 2014

From the September 8, 2014, Yahoo! News.

Mr. Cathy, 93, was a devout Southern Baptist who founded the company in 1987.  It now has 1,800 locations in 40 U.S. states.  In keeping with his religious beliefs, all are closed on Sundays.

I must admit I love their cow advertising.

Actress Angela Paton Dies at Age 86: Was in the Movie "Groundhog Day"

From the May 30, 2016, Northwest Herald (McHenry County, Illinois) by AP.

Angela Paton, an actress best-known for appearing with Bill Murray in "Groundhog Day" has died.

Paton played Mrs. Lancaster, the kindly, elderly, small-town innkeeper who played host to Murray on his never-ending day in 1993's "Groundhog Day" movie.

She had 91 film and television credits, nearly all of them after she was in her late 50s.  before that she had a long stage career, mostly in the San Francisco Bay area.

I loved her replying to Bill Murray's question, "Do you have deja vu."  She said, "No, but I'll see if I can get them to make it."

Friday, July 15, 2016

Notable Burials in Chicago's Graceland Cemetery-- Part 2

Jack Johnson--  heavy weight boxer

Cyrus McCormick--  inventor, businessman

Joseph Medill--  publisher, mayor of Chicago

Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe--  architect

Potter Palmer--  businessman.  Owned the Palmer House Hotel and developed State Street in Chicago

Alan Pinkerton--  detective

George Pullman--  inventor, railroad industrialist, Pullman Cars

Louis Sullivan--  architect

Notable Burials in Chicago's Graceland Cemetery-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

Harold E. Goettler:  World War I Medal of Honor winner.

David Adler--  architect

John Peter Altgeld--  Illinois governor.  Altgeld Hall at NIU is named for him.

Phillip Danforth Armour--  meat packing

Daniel H. Burnham--  architect

Roger Ebert--  film critic

Marshall Field-- retailer

William LeBaron Jenney-- architect,  "Father of the Skyscraper"

Thursday, July 14, 2016

Illinois World War I Medal of Honor Recipient Fred E. Smith

1873-September 29, 1918.  Lt.Col., U.S. Army, 108th Infantry, 77th Division.  From Rockford, Illinois.

Communication with the forward regimental command was cut off.  He led twelve others to reestablish it and carry ammunition.  His guide became lost and they came under fire of German machine guns just 50 yards away.

Lt.Col. Smith told the others to take cover, drew his pistol and engaged the Germans.  He was wounded, but continued to fire until his group was out of danger.

"Refusing first aid treatment he then made his way in plain view of the enemy to a hand grenade dump and returned under continued heavy machine gun fire for the purpose of making another attack on the enemy emplacements.

"As he was attempting to ascertain the exact location of the nearest nest, he again fell, mortally wounded."

He is buried at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery and Memorial at Lorraine, France.

Illinois World War II Medal of Honor Recipient Thomas A. Pope

1894-1989.  Born in Chicago.

The last-surviving World War I Medal of Honor recipient., receiving it for action in Hamel, France on 4 July 1918.  His company was advancing behind tanks when they came under gunfire.He rushed forward alone against a machine gun nest.

Mr. Pope killed several Germans with his bayonet and stood astride the machine gun and held off the others until reinforcements arrived and captured them.

Buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Illinois World War I Medal of Honor Winner Weedon E. Osborne

Born 1992.  Died June 6, 1918.

Native of Chicago.  U.S. Navy, lieutenant Dental Corps, attached to 6th Regiment USMC.

During the advance on Bouresche, France, at the southern edge of the Belleau Woods, Lt. Osborne was rescuing wounded under fire and killed while carrying them to safety.

He is buried at Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial-Belleau in Lorraine, France.

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Illinois World War I Double Medal of Honor Winner: John J. Kelly

From Find-a-Grave

John J. Kelly was a double Medal of Honor recipient.  He was a private in the Marine Corps and fought at Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel, Blanc Mont and the Meuse-Argonne.

At Blanc Mont Ridge, he single-handedly attacked a German machine gun nest.  Running through a barrage, he killed two and returned with eight prisoners.

His final resting place is at All Saints Catholic Cemetery in Des Plaines, Illinois.

He was awarded an Army and a Navy Medal of Honor 3 October 1918.

101-Year-old Message in a Bottle Finally Arrives in 2014

From the February 8, 2014, Yahoo! News "Return to sender: 101-Year-Old Message in a Bottle Finally Arrives" by Jaime Lutz.

It was thrown into the ocean in 1913 and recently found by a fisherman off the coast of Germany.  It was returned to Richard Platz's granddaughter, Angela Erdman, 62.

It was found last month by fisherman Kourad Fischer and was mostly indecipherable, but the address and name were clear as is his request to have it forwarded back to him.

Thought to be the oldest message in a bottle in the world, it was written when Plate was 20 years old.  He died at age 54.

Erdmann never met her grandfather, but has heard a lot of stories about him.


Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Ten Facts About President Andrew Jackson-- Part 2: Duels and a Giant Block of Cheese

6.  Fought Indians but adopted two of them  As president, he signed the Indian Removal Act which led to the Trail of Tears tragedy.

7.  Was a friend of Aaron Burr.

8.  Had a long history of dueling, being in at least a dozen and killed a man in one of them.

9.  Beat up a man who attempted to assassinate him in 1806.

10.  He really did have a giant block of cheese in the White House in 1835.  It was a 1,400 pound block of cheese which kept for two years.

Reckon I'll have a Slice o' That Cheese.  --DaCheese

Ten Facts About President Andrew Jackson- Part 1: Self-Taught Lawyer and Military Leader

From the March 14, 2014, National Constitution Center "10 birthday facts about President Andrew Jackson."  His birthday is March 15, born either in North Carolina or South Carolina on March 15, 1767.

1.  He was a Revolutionary War POW.  His mother and two brothers did not survive the war.

2.  Jackson, like Lincoln, was a self-taught frontier lawyer.

3.  Served in Congress at a young age, Tennessee's first Congressman in 1796.  Became a Senator nine months later but quit seven months after that and returned to Tennessee.

4.  Made money in the cotton business and owned slaves.  He bought Hermitage plantation in 1804 and owned nine slaves.  When he became president, he owned more than 100.

5.  Self-taught military leader.  Became Tennessee's militia leader in 1802.  His victory in the 1814 Battle of Horseshoe Bend led to a commission in the U.S. Army where he defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815.