Tuesday, February 20, 2018

10 New Archaeological Clues About Roman Warfare-- Part 3:

3.  The mystery of the Bar Kokhba Revolt.  Simeon Bar Kokhba, a Jewish leader led a revolt in the Judea Province around 132-136.

2.  The Lost Roman Legion at Liqian, China.  Many villagers have Caucasian features.

1.  Mysterious Roman remains at Ham Hill in England.


10 New Archaeological Clues About Roman Warfare-- Part 2: Of Military Camps and Head-Hunting

5.  There were Roman military camps outside the Empire were along the northern frontier along the Rhine River.  These were fortified camps to protect against Germanic tribes.

4.  Roman head-hunting.  A pile of heads was discovered in the 1980s in London.  They were probably those of executed criminals or gladiator trophies.


10 New Archaeological Clues About Roman Warfare-- Part 1: Chemical Warfare and a Naval Battle

March 4, 2015, Listverse by Heather Ramsay.

I am just listing them.  For more information and pictures, go to the site.

10.  First chemical warfare victims ever found in Syria.

9.   Shacked skeletons found at a Roman Necropolis.

8.  Relics of the first naval battle site have been found in the Mediterranean Sea.  Battle of Egadi Islands (also called the Battle of the Aegates) off Sicily which ended the First Punic War with Carthage in early March 241 BC.

7.  The abduction of the Sabine women.  Originally, Romans were mostly men.

6.  The sudden disappearance of the Gateway to Rome (Portus).  Portus was a huge Roman harbor at the mouth of the Tiber River.  It essentially disappeared by the 6th century with the collapse of the empire.  It is believed that it was destroyed on purpose.


Monday, February 19, 2018

How Did World War I Affect Women's Suffrage?

From the June 2017 Smithsonian Magazine.


Question: "How did women's service in uniform during World War I help the suffrage movement afterward? "  Lisa Kathleen Graddy, deputy chair and curator of the division of political history at e National Museum of American History Answered:

President Woodrow Wilson was no great friend of women's suffrage before the war.  But he began to change his mind after learning of the harsh treatment of imprisoned pro-vote demonstrators during the war, which included force-feeding of suffragists on a hunger strike.

The service of more than 10,000 women in the Navy and Marines -- plus thousands more on the home front in factories and offices -- gave Wilson a powerful argument as he lobbied for the 19th Amendment.

"We have made partners of the women in this war," he said.  "Shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to partnership of privilege and right?"


World War I Chronology, February 1918-- Part 2: U.S. Fighter Squadron Arrives

FEBRUARY  18--  The first U.S. fighter squadron, the 95th Aero (Pursuit), arrives in France.

FEBRUARY 23--  U.S. forces reinforce the French in the Chemin des Dames Sector.

FEBRUARY 26-  The first German gas attack launched U.S. troops on the Western Front results in a 95 percent casualty rate.


Sunday, February 18, 2018

February 9, 1870: U.S. Weather Bureau

On February 9, 1870, the United States Weather Bureau was established.

What would the Weather Channel do without it.

Of particular interest to me as I have just finished reading "Firestorm in Peshtigo" which took place on October 8, 1871, in Wisconson, just a short time later.  This was the worst fire in U.S. history both in size and scope, but as well as in number of victims.

And, as a weather event, had the Weather Bureau been further along in its development, might it have been able to warn the people to evacuate?

Sadly, it is almost always overlooked because of the Great Chicago Fire which took place on the same day.


Saturday, February 17, 2018

More U.S. Flags Than Ever in DeKalb Schools As Tensions Mount in 1917

From the March 8, 2017, MidWeek (DeKalb County, Illinois)  "Looking Back."

1917, 100 Years Ago.

"Mrs. James Dresser, patriotic instructor in the Women's Relief Corps has an interesting report to make.  She has visited the schools of DeKalb and some outside the city and has found more flags displayed than ever before."

As tensions between the United States and Germany ramp up.

he Women's Relief Corps was an auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of Union veterans formed after the Civil War.


U.S. Declares War on Germany in 1917

Some of the headlines from the Roanoke (Va,)  Times April 7,1917.

Congress declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, marking the United States' entry into World War I.

**  United States Accepts Challenge of Germany To Join Great World Strife.

**  After President Wilson Signed Resolution Word Flashed Across the Sea,

**  Congress Convenes on Monday.

**  Order Arrests of Leaders In German Plots.

**  Sixty Alleged Ringleaders Refused Bail and Ho to prison.

**  Thousands Still Kept Under Watch.

**  Warlike Measures Going Forward Briskly To Meet Hostility of Kaiser.

Guess We're All In Now.  --Cooter

Friday, February 16, 2018

February 3, 1924, Death of President Wilson

On February 3, 1924, the 24th president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, died in Washington, D.C., at the age of 67.

Wilson was the president during World War I.


February 3, 1917: U.S. Breaks Off Diplomatic Relations With Germany Over Torpedoing

On February 3, 1917,the United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany, the same day an American cargo ship, the SS Housatonic, was sunk by a U-boat off Britain after the crew was allowed to board lifeboats.

Of interest, the Union warship USS Housatonic was sunk by the Confederate submarine Hunley in the Civil War.  This was the first time a submarine had sunk an enemy ship in history.


Thursday, February 15, 2018

A Coal Shortage in DeKalb in 1917

From the February 8, 2017, MidWeek  "Looking Back."

1917, 100 Years Ago.

"The coal situation in DeKalb is tighter right now than it has been for some time, especially as to coke and hard coal.  There is a fairly good supply of soft coal but hardly a wagon load or so of the other varieties.

"One local coal merchant informs the Chronicle that he has only a half a ton in his own celler and not a pound of coke in the yard.

"Others are also hard up for coal to supply their customers.  Another manager of a coke concern states that he will be having to use soft coal in his own house furnace within another day."

Of course, coal was the major heating source in homes and businesses back then.

Wonder If the Coal Shortage Was a Result of the War?  --Cooter

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Icemaking Back in 1917

From the February 8, 2017, MidWeek (DeKalb County, Illinois)  "Looking Back."

1917, 100 Years Ago.

"Will Myers and Pete Larson of Cortland are filling the ice house from the Myers pond.

"The ice is about a foot thick."


Monday, February 12, 2018

New Design for the Lincoln Penny Goes Into Circulation Today in 1959

On February 12, 1959, the redesigned Lincoln penny -- with an image of the Lincoln Memorial replacing two ears of wheat on the reverse side -- went into circulation.


Groundbreaking for the Lincoln Memorial This Date in 1914

On February 12, 1914, groundbreaking for the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., took place.  A year later on this date, the cornerstone was laid.

Wonder why this date?


Happy Birthday Abraham Lincoln

On this date, February 12, 1809, Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president ofnthe United States, was born in a log cabin in Hardin (now LaRue) County, Kentucky.


Sunday, February 11, 2018

World War I Chronology, February 2018: Another U-Boat Sinking of a Troopship

FEBRUARY 1--  U.S. Army Air Service is formed.  By the war's end, there are 45 squadrons with 740 planes and 800 pilots.

FEBRUARY 6--  British troopship Tuscania is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off Ireland, killing 267 of 2,179 Doughboys aboard of the 32nd Infantry Division.

FEBRUARY 16--  2nd Balloon Co. moves into position on the French Front.  The Balloon Section makes 5,866 ascents in France during the war.


Friday, February 9, 2018

A Carload of Coal for the Less Fortunate in DeKalb in 1916

From the December 28, 2016, MidWeek (DeKalb County, Illinois)  "Looking Back."

1916, 100 Years Ago.

"According to plans that are now formed the carload of coal that has been donated to the Good Fellow cause for distribution among DeKalb's less fortunate people, will be on the track Friday."

Of course, coal was the major way homes were heated back then.