Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Iroquois Theater Fire-- 105th Anniversary

While listening to WBBM-AM in Chicago this morning, I heard them mention that today is the 105th anniversary of the Iroquois Theater Fire on Dec. 30, 1903, which claimed the lives of 603 mostly women and children who were there for a holiday showing of the musical "Mr. Bluebird."

I've heard of it before, but very few people really remember it. At this point, I doubt that any of the survivors are still alive, and very sadly, most of the victims should gave been able to escape, but for doors that opened inward, as was the custom, and different door locks that people were unfamiliar with. Some doors were even chained shut in this building at 24-28 Randolph that boasted of being "absolutely fire proof." Well, nine years later, the Titanic was "unsinkable."

It still ranks as the single deadliest building fire in US history.

There was seating for 1,724, but almost 2000 squeezed in to see the movie. The fire started during the second act at 3:15, and at first, patrons thought it was special effects. Corpses were piled ten deep at the exits and 575 died that day with 30 more dying later.

It reopened a year later as the Colonial Theater and then in 1926, was torn down to make way for the Oriental Theater which still stands at the site.

Information from Wikipedia.

People remeber the Chicago Fire, which was devastating, but not this tragedy or the sinking of the Eastland in the Chicago River. Both killed many more people.

I Guess You'd Best Not Boast. --Old Coot

Monday, December 29, 2008

Captain Field E. Kindley, WW I Ace

I'd never heard of him before, but came across his name in the Fall 2008 issue of the Delta Sigma Phi Carnation. One of my fraternity brothers, Jack Ballard, Arkansas '49, has written a book "Warbird Ace: The Great War Exploits of Capt. Field E. Kindley."

Most people have heard of the more famous Eddie Rickenbacker, but few of Kindley. He flew with the famous "War Birds" Americans who trained in England with the RAF before joining the US Air Service. He flew Sopwith Camels throughout his military service overseas and earned the US Distinguished Service Cross and British Distinguished Flying Cross.

I went to Wikipedia for more information.

Kindley was born in Arkansas, but moved to Coffeyville, Kansas where he was part owner in a motion picture theater. He enlisted in the Kansas Army National Guard and transferred to the aviation branch of the US Signal Corps. He attended the School of Military Aeronautics at the University of Illinois where he was a somewhat unlucky and untalented pilot, experiencing many mechanical break downs and accidents and landed in the wrong place a few times.

Despite this lackluster start, he was among the first Americans to go to England for combat aircraft training in 1917.. In 1918, he was commissioned a First Lieutenant in the American Air Service.

A WAR FIGHTER

His first flight in a Sopwith Camel after that, he crashed into the White Cliffs of Dover and after recovering was assigned to the RAF's 65th Squadron and had his first air-to-air kill June 26, 1918, over France.

In July 1918, the US Army formed the 148th Squadron and he transferred to it and had its first kill. While with the unit, he had 11.5 kills, ranking him third highest American Ace behind Eddie Rickenbacker and Raoul Lufberg.

His fourth kill, August 13, 1918, was likely that of Lothar von Richthofen, brother of the famous Red Baron, Manfred von Richthofen, who was badly injured and never flew again.

He was killed after the war while demonstrating for General John J. Pershing at Kelly Field in San Antonio, Texas.

A Sopwith Camel F-1, said to be his and claimed to be the only surviving plane of that kind in the US, was used in the 1968 movie "The Blue Mac" an currently is at the Aerospace Air Museum in Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Interesting Story. It Sounds Like He Was a Better Flyer in Combat Than He Was Otherwise. --Old Coot

Sunday, December 28, 2008

O'Hare Airport-- Part 2

Continued from yesterday.

Shortly afterward, three army officers were on their way to the Chicago area to pick the best of nine possible sites. The other city picked for a new Douglas plant was Oklahoma City (also on Route 66) It would build two-engine DC-3 transports referred to as the C-47 by the Army.

Other Illinois sites were Ford Airfield in Lansing, Rubinkam Airpot in Harvey; small airports in St. Charles, Aurora, and Joliet; undeveloped tracts near Orchard Place near Bensenville; and two open sites near Chicago's Municipal Airport (now Midway).

Orchard Place was chosen because of the availability of land, good drainage, and nearby railroads for transportation.

The airport adjoining the Douglas C-54 plant was originally called Orchard Douglas Field which is where the ORD luggage tags comes from.


WORK BEGINS AND BIRTH OF O'HARE

Trees, fences and farm buildings were removed starting in July 1942, just one month after the project was accepted. Construction on the first building and all four runways also began. The main building was a 42-acre behemoth and construction began on that August 24th. Within three months, planes were being built.


Once the war ended, Douglas no longer needed it and asked the government if it could be converted into a civilian field to relieve congestion at Municipal Airport. permission was granted and Douglas dropped from name.

In 1949, Chicago Tribune publisher suggested the name be changed to O'Hare to honor WW II Navy ace Edward "Butch" O'Hare and City Council agreed. Municipal Airport's name was renamed for the Battle of Midway the same year (I didn't know that).

I have flown into and out of O'Hare many times. When i first graduated from college, I drove people back and forth to the airport from the Sheraton-Walden Hotel in Schaumburg and later from the Holiday Inn in Wheeling-Northbrook.

I also thought the ORD tags on luggage were from ORcharD Field, but now I know the D is from Douglas. You learn something every day. I also thought Midway got its way because it was midway through Chicago.

So, That's the Story of O'Hare. --Old Coot

White Christmas: Snow, Movie and Song

The Chicago Tribune came up with a lot of great facts about all things dealing with white Christmas from the weather to the movie to the song. You can view it at my blog http://downdaroadigo.blogspot.com.

It appeared in the Dec. 25th edition "I'm dreaming of a ...White Christmas (by the numbers)

Saturday, December 27, 2008

O'Hare Airport

The May 25th Chicago tribune had an article on O'Hare Airport in Chicago which was built in just one year. There were no environmental impact studies and less neighborhood opposition as there is with the planned expansion of these days.

There were some old photos as well with the hundreds who turned out for the ceremony to re-name Orchard-Douglas Field to O'Hare to honor WW II fighter pilot Edward "Butch" O'Hare, who had received a Medal of Honor from FDR in 1942. A vestige of the former name remains in baggage tags which read "ORD" for Orchard.

The current expansion program began in 2001.

After Pearl harbor, the government was looking for places to build aircraft far from the coasts. The selection of the site for O'Hare took only a couple months. There was some opposition, but the necessities of war soon squashed it. Douglas Aircraft Co. needed a safe place to build their four-engine C-54 transport planes.

Orchard Place was rezoned from farm to industrial use. Neighbors in nearby Des Plaines and Park Ridge were more interested in the potential for local taverns to do business with the factory workers.

To be Continued. --Cooter

Wednesday, December 24, 2008

Chain O' Lakes Facts and Figures

We are fortunate to live close to the famous Chain of Lakes here in northeastern Illinois. This is truley beautiful country (other than this winter).

Here are some facts:

### Originally home to native American. French explorers came to the area in the 1600s.

### Stretches from the Wisconsin border through Lake County and into McHenry County. Includes the Fox River, nine main lakes and many smaller bodies of water.

### In 1839, Hiram Buttrick built a sawmill in the Lake County town of Antioch, making it a hub for commerce.

### In the 1880s, a new rail line linked Chicago to Antioch, and the Chain of Lakes became a popular destination for Chicagoans.

### A big early tourist draw was riding boats through the thick lotus beds. Today, it is still a major inland recreational water system. Fishing is also a major sport.

### Local legend says Al capone regularly vacationed on Bluff lake in the 1930s.


What's Not to Like? --Da Coot

Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Dead Page-- Two Tuskegee Airmen

The Greatest Generation continues to die off.

GEORGE A. TAYLOR 1919-2008

Died June 21st in Chicago. When he left his hometown in Virginia, and enlisted in the Army Air Corps, he didn't tell anyone because so many blacks washed out of the program. He really surprised everyone when he returned with his wings. He became one of the original members of what is now called the Tuskegee Airmen.

His proudest day was when he and the other members were given the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor in 2007. He had a small replica made and wore it around his neck from that moment on.

He flew more than 50 missions with the 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group over Italy and was awarded two Bronze Stars, an Air Medal and four battle stars.


CHARLES DRYDEN 1920-2008

Died June 24th. Had a 21-year military career, retiring from the US Air Force in 1962. About 1,000 pilots trained at the segregated Army Air Corps unit at Tuskegee Army Flying School in Alabama during WW II. He was selected in August 1941, four months before the US entered the war. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in April 1842. Just five others had earned their wings before his class of three.

He was a member of the 99th Pursuit Squadron of the 322nd Fighter Group and served in North Africa and Italy.

His P-40 fighter was nicknamed "A-Train". In 2007, he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor with almost 300 surviving Tuskegee Airmen attending. He wrote a book about his service, "A-Train: Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airman."

Sadly, he recalled that while stationed in Walterboro, SC, German prisoner got privileges in theaters and cafeterias that were denied to black soldiers.

Two Truly Great Examples of Americans Who Had to Overcome Huge Obstacles to Serve.

Rosa Parks' Personal items to Be Auctioned

Guernsey's of New York City has been asked to auction off thousands of Rosa Parks' personal items by a Detroit probate judge. She left practically all of her estate to the Detroit based Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Seld Development, but her 13 nephews and nieces have been feuding over them ever since her death. An undisclosed deal has been reached with them, and part of it is this sell-off. Too bad they have so little respect for their aunt.

Arlan Ettinger, head of the auction house estimates the collection to be worth $10 million. Hopefully, a museum, university, or some other institution will buy it so it is not broken up.

Included in it are items such as: the Presidential Medal of Freedom presented by President Clinton, the dress she wore to the ceremony, a tattered schoolbook, "How to Speak and Write Correctly," a letter she wrote about King's house being bombed while she and he were at a meeting a month after the boycott began, and the hat she wore the day she refused to give up her seat.

July 3rd Chicago Tribune.

Now, That's Some History. --Cooter

Monday, December 22, 2008

Dead Page: Mr. Captain Crunch-- Star Trek

ROBERT O. NESHEIM 1921-2008

Helped develop Captain Crunch and helped develop dietary guidelines for the military.

Was a nutritionist with Quaker Oats for 30 years and helped develop Captain Crunch and Life cereals (like Mikey eat it).

Died July 29th in California. Worked at the Quaker Oats research facility in Barrington, Illinois from 1952 to 1983. With his background, he wanted foods that tasted good, sold well and were as healthy as possible.


MAJEL BARRETT RODDENBERRY 1932-2008



Actress and widow of "Star Trek" creator.

Involved with Star Trek for more than four decades. She played Number One in the original plot (later Mr. Spock). Later became Nurse Christine Chapel and had other smaller roles on TV and in the movies. Also the voice of the ship's computer.

Both obituaries from the Chicago Tribune.

Do You Remember...

A friend sent me one of those much-forwarded e-mails recently. This one about things folks my age might remember. Young folks would just wonder what?

Do you remember:

When all girls had ugly gym uniforms.

It took awhile for TVs to warm up.

Nobody owned a pure-bred dog.

When a quarter was decent allowance.

All male teachers wore ties and female teachers wore dresses and high heels.

You got your windshield cleaned, oil checked, and gas pumped without asking, and FOR FREE.

You didn't have to pay for air and got trading stamps or glassware and maps.

It was considered a great privilege to be take out for dinner by your parents.

When schools threatened to keep kids back a grade if they failed...and THEY DID!

Playing baseball or football with no adults around to help kids with the rules of the game.

When kids being sent to the principal's office was nothing compared to what would happen at home.

There was no fear of drive-by shootings, drugs, or gangs.

Parents were the biggest threat to your life, but their love was greater than the threat.

I Remember All of These. How About You? --Old, Old Coot

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Smithsonian Jumping on Obama Bandwagon

The Dec. 12th Chicago Tribune also had an article about the Smithsonian's new exhibits in Washington, DC. Ten new exhibits are opening: five brand new and five centering on the life of Abraham Lincoln.

Five of them will feature the Obama-Lincoln connection and will also give the institution a jump on the bicentennial of Lincoln's birth in 2009.

The opening of the exhibit are tied to the inauguration on Jan. 20th.

The Smithsonian's American History Museum has "Abraham Lincoln:An Extraordinary Life" features 60 items used or owned by Lincoln, including the top hat he wore to Ford's Theater.

The Art Museum is commemorating Lincoln's second inaugural ball which took place in its building, the old US Patent Office. More than 4,000 guests were there the night of March 6, 1865.

The National Portrait Gallery is showing Lincoln images and opening a new exhibit, "Presidents in Waiting," a look at the 14 vice presidents who went on to become president.

The National Postal Museum has an exhibit of plate proofs for stamps that have honored Lincoln.

It's a Lincoln-Obama Thing. --Old Coot

Going After the Obama Artifacts

The Dec. 12th Chicago Tribune had an article about historical groups getting Barack Obama artifacts. The DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago will receive some of the paintings from the walls of his senate office. The Old State Capitol in Springfield, which served as a backdrop (a Lincoln connection) for his Feb. 10, 2007 announcement of his intention of running for president and the August 23, 2008, announcement of Senator Joe Biden as his running mate.

Abraham Lincoln gave his famous "House Divided" speech there in 1858 and used it as his campaign headquarters in 1860. However, the article calls the Old State Capitol a reconstruction. I think it is he original, but was taken apart and rebuilt while a parking garage was put under it.

The Old State Capitol received a signed copy of the speech and the pen he used to sign it.

It's All Part of an Obama Thing. --Old Coot

Dead Page: USS Indianapolis Survivor-- Concentration Camp Commander-- Urban Historian

From July 27th Chicago Tribune Obituary Recap for preceding week.

HERBERT JAY "JACK" MINER, II, 82

Survivor of the USS Indianapolis sinking and ordeal and executive of Great Lakes Paper Co, died July 12th.


DINKO SAAKIC, 87

Last-known living commander of a World War II concentration camp who had been serving a twenty-year sentence for war crimes, July 21, in Zagreb, Serbia.


RICHARD WADE, 87

Urban historian at University of Chicago who helped put cities on the map for academic study. Also advised Democratic candidates including Adlai Stevenson, Robert F. Kennedy, and George McGovern, July 18th.

Woolworth's Cafe 1950s Prices

Don't you wish you had the money you have now, only back then. Look at these prices.

Bacon and tomato triple decker sandwich-- 50 cents
Triple decker chicken salad sandwich-- 65 cents
American cheese sandwich-- 30 cents
Banana split with half a banana and three scoops of ice cream-- 39 cents
Fresh orange juice 20 cents regular, 30 cents large
Milk shake with two scoops of ice cream-- 25 cents
Apple pie-- 15 cents a slice
Layer cake-- 15 cents a slice

Whoa, Nellie!!! -- Coot

Friday, December 19, 2008

Dead Page: Arrested Oswald-- "Stepping"-- Sportswriter

The Sunday, July 27th Chicago Tribune had a wrap up of notable deaths during the preceding week. There were quite a few of interest.

PAUL BENTLEY, 87

Dallas police detective who helped arrest Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theater. That day sure made an impression on me. Died July 21st. He was a 21-year member of the Dallas police force.

When Oswald was arrested, there was a fight. Bentley was on the balcony, but raced down for the arrest. A well-known photo shows Bentley on the right in suit and tie with a cigar in his mouth. Oswald appears to have a cur on his forehead.

His brother-in-law, L.C. Graves was escorting Oswald when Jack Ruby killed him. He's say to his brother-in-law, "I arrested him and you let him get shot."


GEORGE "MACARONI" GARNES, 51

Master of the gliding and grooving dance called "Stepping.' Very popular in black clubs across Chicago and a big favorite of Herb "The Kool Gent" Kent. I understand this is somewhat like the "Shag" dance popular along the east coast at Beach Clubs. Died July 22nd.


JEROME HOLTZMAN, 82

Longtime Chicago baseball writer for the Tribune and other papers. He is in the Hall of Fame, created the Saves Rule for relievers, and was Major League Baseball's official historian. Died July 19th.

Enjoyed his articles and columns.

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Dead Page: Preservationist-- Jim's Dad-- D-Day and Luggage Conveyor

This page gets its name from what my seventh graders used to call Current Events where I would talk about people who had died, but whose lives touched ours or who live an interesting life.


LEIGH SILLS 1930-2008

A history buff and a driving force for getting Chicago's Old Town designated a historic district. Died Dec. 9th.

She took her history seriously. From Dec. 12th Chicago Tribune: "Unable to date historic homes in Old Town through building permits, Leigh Sills pored through the city's sewer logbooks from the 1870s,looking for sewer connections on homes rebuilt after the great fire that destroyed much of Chicago in 1871."

We need more folks like her.


GEORGE S. MORRISON 1919-2008

Commanded the fleet in the Gulf of Tonkin incident that led to the escalation of the Vietnam War and whose son was Jim Morrison of the Doors. Now there is a combination.

Aboard the aircraft carrier Bon Homme Richard on August 2, 1864 when the destroyer USS Madddox engaged three North Vietnamese torpedo boats. President Johnson ordered air strikes against North Vietnam and Congress gave him the Gulf of Tonkin resolution that greatly expanded his powers to wage the war.

Obviously, his relationship with son Jim was strained.

Graduated from the Naval Academy in 1941 and as an ensign was at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese attacked Dec. 7th. In the last year of the war, he flew combat missions over Wake Island and Japan. After the war he was an instructor at the secret nuclear weapons projects at Albuquerque. He also organized relief effort for the 100,000 Vietnamese refugees in 1975.

Died Nov. 17th in Coronado, California.


FRANK L. ERL 1918-2008

Died Dec. 8th in Wheatin, Illinois.

During the Normandy Invasion, Army Captain Frank L. Erl led his troops in a ditch to seek cover from enemy fire. It is hard to say who was more surprised, he and his men or the group of German soldiers already in it. They dropped their weapons and surrendered.

A trained engineer, he also defused explosives and co-piloted glider planes, known as flying coffins for their crashes. He received two Purple Hearts and a Bronze Star during the war. He definitely lived a dangerous life.

After the war, he joined Acco Industries in Chicago, and designed and installed the first luggage conveyor system at O'Hare Airport.

The Greatest Generation

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Did Blackbeard Sink His Ship On Purpose?

There has been talk in the past that the dear old Pirate ran the Queen Anne's Revenge aground off North Carolina on purpose to swindle the crew of their rightful share of the plunder.

Perhaps he didn't according to marine archaeologists who have been diving on the wreckage. What they have found is that effort was made to get the ship off the sandbar. Piles of ballast were found away from the ship as well as cannons and anchors normally found at the front of the vessel, had been moved midship. This would eb an effort to lighten the bow so it would float off.

In addition, an anchor was found 450 feet away where there is a chance that it was being used as a winch.

Chris Southerby, chief archaeologist said, "If Blackbeard had intended to sink the ship on purpose, this seems like an awful lot of labour and effort to make it look good to the crew...."

From Dec. 8th London News Net.

Did he or Didn't He? Only His Beard Knew. --Cooter

Monday, December 15, 2008

Bits O' World War II History: USS NC Skate Park-- Loss of WW II Vets-- "Braceros" Get Paid

Some New News About an Old War.


1. USS NC SKATE PARK-- Wilmington's (NC)WECT 6 News of Dec. 13th reports that the decks of the battleship and WW II vessel USS North Carolina, tied up at the port, were turned into a skateboard park for the First Annual Red Bull Battleship Competition. Teams from skate shops around the state got together to advance in tournament play. I'm not sure this is a proper way to honor our veterans.


2. LOSS OF WW II VETS-- As of September 30, 2008, the Veterans Affair's National Center for Veterans Analysis put the number of surviving World War II Veterans at 2,583,000. Every day, about 900 more die. It is estimated that in another eight years there will be very few left. The passing of the Greatest Generation.


3. "BRACEROS" GET PAID-- During World War II, Mexicans who worked in the US as guest laborers had wages deducted by the Mexican government. At long last, after 63 years, that government has decided to pay them back.

Again, the Greatest Generation.

HMAS Sydney

The Nov. 19th West of West Australia.

Families traveled to the ceremonies to mark the 67 anniversary Nov. 19, 1941, sinking of the HMAS Sydney made all the more poignant this year by the discovery of the ship's wreck this past spring.

The Guided Missile Frigate HMAS Sydney, the fourth vessel to carry that name, will guide the HMAS Manoora to the site of the wreck 207 kilometers northwest of Geraldton.

Famous shipwreck hunter David Mearms and his team were commissioned by the Finding Sydney Foundation and found the wreck back in March, sitting upright 2500 meters down. Underwater shots indicate that "B" turret was hit by large calibre shells and taken out. Shells from the German raider Kormoran struck the Sydney every 4-6 seconds after the ship decamouflaged.

German accounts said that 50% of the Sydney's firepower was knocked out in the first minute or two of the battle.

The remains of one Sydney sailor whose body was recovered from Christmas Island, will be buried tomorrow.

There will be a RAAF fly past and a sunset memorial for the 645 crew members who lost their lives.

A Really Great Story.

Saturday, December 13, 2008

The S-21

Back on my Dec. 5th blog, I wrote about the wreck of the US World War II submarine S-21 being found off the coast of Maine after being sunk in practice.

Here some facts about the vessel from dear old Wiki.

The S-21 (SS-126) was one of the first group of S-class submarines and launched August 1920 and commissioned August 1921.

It often served in the Panama Canal area until 1939, then went to New London, Ct, where it was maintained by a partial crew. In September 1940 it was returned to full duty. On Dec. 9th it sailed to the Panama Canal where it defended the Pacific approaches.

In June 1942, it was decommissioned and transferred to the United Kingdom as the HMS P.553. Returned to the US Navy in July 1944, it was again decommissioned and sunk in practice off the New England coast 23 March 1945.

It was 219 feet long, had a21 foot beam, 1X4 inch deck gun, 4 torpedo tubes and a crew of42,

It now sits upside down at 160 feet below the surface.

Now, You Know All About the S-21. --Da Coot

Did Someone Know About the Attack Beforehand?

The Dec. 7th Chicago Tribune had an article by Sam Roberts of the NY Times News Service regarding that age-old question, "Did someone in the US government know about the impending attack?"

"Specifically, who heard or saw a transcript of a Tokyo shortwave radio news broadcast that was interrupted by a prearranged coded weather report?" That would alert Japanese diplomats that war was imminent and they should destroy secret documents.

This "winds execute" message was intercepted as early as Dec. 4th.

Historians of the National security Agency have looked at the facts and concluded that this never reached Washington.

A Japanese message was intercepted and decoded Nov. 19, 1941, at an American monitoring station on Bainbridge Island, Washington, saying that the "winds execute" message would be given if war was imminent. Code names for possible enemies were "East wind rain" for the US, "north wind cloudy" for the Soviet Union, and "west wind clear" for Britain.

You can never convince me that someone couldn't have known about it, somewhere. There is no way we shouldn't have been on highest alert.

Who Knew? --Coot

Friday, December 12, 2008

More Pearl Harbor Stories

December 9th Aurora (Il) Beacon News. Michael Musko, 84, was 17 on Dec. 7, 1941 and in Pearl Harbor on board the minelayer USS Oglala which had also served in WW I.

He had joined the navy because he couldn't get a job in the small southern Ilinois town of El Dorado. He and his friend hitchhiked to Marion to enlist, but only Musko got in as his friend was overweight. He was not aboard the Oglala when it sank as he was ashore trying to tie lines to keep her afloat.

He was honored by the Navy League at the annual Pearl Harbor luncheon, along with other survivors of that day: Edward Block, Milton Card, Jack Loane. Another survivor, Hobart Van Deventer was unable to attend.


The Dec. 9th Marin (Ca)Independent Journal reported that seven members of the local Pearl Harbor Survivors Association were honored along with Walter Russell Potter, 90, who was a civilian crane operator at 1010 Dock next to Hickam Field, a major target of Japanese planes.

He and his team usually worked Sunday mornings, but had Dec. 7th off. When he heard the explosions, he made a mad dash to the field and arrived just as the second wave of planes came in. "Dead sailors were being carried into our shop and laid there along the railroad tracks. They looked like they were sleeping."

later, he lifted a 300-400 pound boring beam which was used to bore through the Oklahoma's hull.

He remembers the minelayer Oglala sinking next to the dock. It had been tied alongside the larger light cruiser USS Helena during the attack. A torpedo hit the Helena and damaged the Oglala which was moved so the Helena would not be pinned against the dock.

The Greatest Generation.

Lake County, Illinois, History

In the Dec. 9th Daily Herald, columnist Diana Dretske wrote of the county's French connection, going all the way back to French Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette and trader Louis Jolliet who are believed to have landed at the mouth of the Dead River in whatis now Illinois Beach State Park in Zion. By 1695, there was a trading post built on a bluff above Lake Michigan at current-day Waukegan.

In 1763, the whole area was turned over to Britain after the French loss in the French and Indian War.

In the 1830s, a settler of German and a settler of Scottish ancestry named Jacob Sprecht and John Strang came to the area. Each had fought in the Napoleonic Wars.

Jacob Sprecht, (1788-1874) was a native of Darmstadt, Germany, and had been conscripted into the French Army. He and his wife Anna Elizabeth migrated to the US and settled near Milburn in 1843 and became farmers.

John Strang (1779-1866) was a seaman and impressed into British service where he fought French forces at the Battle of the Nile. As a result of the battle, he temporarily lost his eyesight.

In 1835, he and wife Margaret Clellan migrated to Canada. Three of his sons found employment on the Illinois-Michigan Canal and later settled in Milburn in 1838. John and Margaret joined them the following year.

I lived in Lake County for 18 years in Vernon Hills and Round Lake Beach. I also taught middle school in Round Lake for 33 years.

A Bit of History, Local-Style. --Cooter

Thursday, December 11, 2008

Kimball Hill Homes Bites the Bullet

A major homebuilder in the Chicago area and US has ceased to operate as a result of the current economic mess all the greedies have gotten us into. The Dec. 7th Chicago Tribune had an article by Mary Ellen Podmolik about the company named for the man "who brought the 'GI bath' to the northwest suburbs and who put Rolling Meadows on the map called it quits last week..."

Kimball Hill began building homes in 1951 on 600 acres of farmland that would become Rolling Meadows by offering small ranch homes to military veterans who used their GI Loan to cover the cost.

These homes featured two or three rooms, one 5 X 8 foot bathroom, no basements, and deep lots. On some days, 20 homes were completed in assembly line fashion. There was nothing elegant or extravagant about them, but, they were AFFORDABLE, starting at $13,400 and less. Most young families today would turn their noses at these. What, ONLY ONE BATHROOM???

Many a family made their move from Chicago to the suburbs via these homes.

Today, the Rolling Meadows Historical Society is housed in an exact replica of one of these homes, a real trip back to the fifties.

These homes also meant something personal to me and my family. When my dad transferred to Chicago to work at Quaker Oats' home office at the Merchandise Mart, he rented a Kimball Hill home at the corner of Kirchoff and Flicker Lane in Rolling Meadows and we lived there for a year before moving to another massive housing development called Winston Park in Palatine.

My brother went to Kimball Hill Elementary School,named for the builder.

Another Victim of he GRBs. --Cooter

USS Frederick Funston (APA-89)

On Dec. 8th, I wrote about Norman Hartnett serving on board the USS Frederick Funston during WW II. I did a follow up on the ship in wikipedia.

This attack transport served in both the Army and the Navy during WW II and was also in the Korean War. It was the lead ship of its class of two and heavily armed with anti-aircraft guns to protect the troops it carried. It was named after a Medal of Honor-winning US Major General.

Launched in September, 1941, it served first in the US Army before going over to the navy. where it was commissioned in April 1942.

It took part in the invasions of Sicily and Salerno in the Mediterranean and then went to the Pacific where it took part in the attacks on Saipan, Leyte, Luzon, and Iwo Jima.

It later saw some service in the Korean War and was scrapped in 1969.

A Little-Known Vessel, But Did Its Part. --Cooter

Some More on Jack Jouett, Unknown Hero of the Revolution

Back on Nov. 28th, (Speaking of New England) I wrote about Jack Jouett who rode to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature that the British were coming to capture them at Charlottesville. I'd never heard of him before.

While browsing some blogs, I came across that name again, this time in one about the back roads of Kentucky. For some reason, I recalled the name.

There were pictures of a historical marker and his home in Woodford County, Kentucky, where he moved after the war.

The marker reads that Captain John (Jack) Jouett (1754-1822) built the home around 1797 and that he was a hero of the Revolution having ridden all-night to warn the Virginia legislature including Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry as well as three signers of the Declaration of Independence about an approaching British force intent on their capture and possibly worse.

he was also a member of the Kentucky Separation Convention and father of famous portrait painter Matthew Jouett.

The house is located off McCowan's Ferry Road in Woodford County.

And You've All Heard of Paul Revere. --Cooter

Tuesday, December 9, 2008

Last Flight from the Tempelhof

Associated press reported that the last plane left from Berlin, Germany's historic Tempelhof Airport October 29th. Its history spanned World War II, the Cold War, and Germany's rebirth. Just before midnight, a DC-3 and a Junkers JU-52, both from the 1930s took off and the runway lights went off forever.

The future of the 900 acre site is still to be known.

It officially opened as an airfield October 1923, but had been used for flights before that. The current configuration and structure took place when Adolf Hitler decided to create an "air stadium" with massive stone blocks and pillars, along with 49 buildings, 7 hangars, and 9000 offices.

During World War II, German fighters scrambled from it to intercept Allied bombing strikes.

In 1948, it played a central role in the Berlin Airlift when the Allies supplied West Berlin with the food and necessities to keep it going after land transportation was cut off by the Soviets.

Here's Hoping They Keep Some of the Structures. --Old Coot

Bits O' History: USS Kitty Hawk-- Edmund Fitzgerald-- Princeton's Trees

Speaking of sunken ships, aircraft carriers, and trees. Some New News About Some Old Stuff.


1. USS KITTY HAWK-- This aircraft carrier is being decommissioned and a group in Wilmington, NC, is working to get it docked alongside the battleship USS North Carolina. Here's hoping they get it.

The Kitty Hawk, CV-63 was commissioned in 1963. The movie "Seven Days in May" was filmed aboard it.


2. EDMUND FITZGERALD-- The Nov. 30th WBAY TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin reported that Matt and Alya Pfeil paid $610 for two lighted frames thought to be from the Edmund Fitzgerald.. They plan to display them publicly and Alya is to paint pictures of the ship that sank Nov. 10, 1975 in the gales of November.


3. PRINCETON'S TREES-- The December 5th Daily Princetonian reported that this Ivy League school not only has many historical buildings, but also historical flora, namely trees.

The two oldest trees on campus are the Twin American Sycamores which date back to the Colonial era in front of the McLean House. They were reportedly planted in honor of the repeal of the Stamp Act.

There is also Cannon Green with its two rows of pre-Civil War ash trees.

Now, You Know the Sunk and Wood of It. --Cooter

USS Oriskany Sinks Lower

And you thought once a ship sank, that was that. Not so.

Rebekkah Allen had an article in the Nov. 28th Orlando Sentinel saying that part of the thrill of diving down to the wreck of the USS Oriskany near Pensacola is touching the flight deck, but that is no longer as safe as it was thanks to Hurricane Gustav which disturbed the Big O's final resting place and caused it to settle ten feet farther down which greatly increases the dangers of doing so.

The USS Oriskany, CV-34, an aircraft carrier launched in 1945 and that saw service in the Korean and Vietnam wars was purposefully sunk in 2006 to provide and artificial reef and dive spot. The flight deck was originally 135 feet down, five feet beyond the recreational diving limit. This could be overlooked. But, not 15 feet.

The USS Oriskany was named after a Revolutionary War battle.

Mean Old Hurricane. --Cooter

Our Dumb Century

The Fun Trivia Site (a great place to go) had a history test based on headlines from the humor site The Onion.

I got 7 of 10 correct. See how well you do. These were all give the date unless otherwise noted. (Oh yes, they were also multiple choice.) You just have to know it. The "headlines" were great which is why I had to include this quiz.

1. "Kennedy slain by the CIA, Mafia, Castro, LBJ, Teamsters, Free Masons."

2. "US loses Vietnam War. Ford urges all Americans to salute Vietcong victors."

3. "World's largest metaphor hits iceberg" ship and year. I missed this one. They had the ship twice with two different years.

4. The best headline: "Bleeping two-foot tin ball threatens free world: America suffers major defeat in space-gizmo race." Year and name. This was hilarious.

5. "Pretentious, goatee-bearded coffeehouse types seize power in Russia."

6. "Berlin Wall destroyed by Doritos-sponsored Super Bowl Halftime Spectacular."

7. "Science conquers sky with Wright brothers' flying machine. Heaven expedition slated for next year."

8. "Famine-wracked Ethiopia makes desperate plea to U2." Missed it by this much.

9. ""Al Capone's reign of tax-evasion terror ends." Missed it also.

10. "President Wilson calls for creation of useless governing body." Treaty and year.

Answers BELOW.

How Do They Keep Coming Up With All These Funny Headlines? --Cooter


1. 1961
2. 1975
3. Titanic 1912 (I had Titanic 1914)
4. 1957, Sputnik
5. 1917
6. 1989
7. 1903
8. 1984 (Who'd know this?)
9. 1931 (Who'd know this, Either?)
10. 1919 Treaty of Versailles

Monday, December 8, 2008

Pearl Harbor Again

I am trying to gather as many names and stories of the survivors as I can before it is too late.

The Dec. 8th Metro West Daily News of Massachusetts reported that 18-year-old Norman Hartnett was at the former Gorman Theatre on Dec. 7, 1941, and was walking across Kendall Street when he learned of it.

He begged his mother to enlist but she wouldn't let "Gabby" (named after the Cubs catcher) do it for a year. When he was finally able, the Navy overlooked his weight, 114, which was three pounds too little.

He became a radioman on the attack transport USS Frederick Funston and took part in five invasions: Sicily and Salerno in Italy, and in the Pacific: Saipan, Guam, and the Philippines.

"I was a 19-year-old kid and so frightened. I thought the ship would be attacked. It was chaotic. The British were in charge of all aircraft in Sicily and were dropping bombs around our ship during the invasion where they shouldn't have."

The Dec. 8th Oneida (NY) Daily Dispatch reported that Pearl harbor Survivor Ford Hitt died December 7, 2007, at almost the same instand as the attack. He was always very involved with the remembrance of the attack and his family attended this year's in his place.

Another survivor, Ralph Osterhout said he was just out of high school and a fellow worker was complaining about the "raw deal" Adolph Hitler was getting. This so maddened him that he enlisted.

He was at Hickam Field on Dec. 7th, and preparing to relieve another man on the portable radio when he heard someone saying Japanese planes were approaching. Minutes later, they saw them coming in three at a time in V formation with their red circles. They dropped something and then there were explosions.

A badly wounded man ran in, bleeding and yelling for help. They drove him to a hospital in a jeep and when they returned, found the back of the jeep riddled with bullets.

The oldest member of their PHSA chapter is now 89. At the first ceremony at the Legion, there were 35 survivors in attendance, but that number has been dwindling.

The Greatest generation.

Sunday, December 7, 2008

Pearl Harbor Anniversary-- 2

The December 7th Wichita (Ks) Eagle reported that Paul Aschbrenner of derby, originally from Waterloo, Iowa, was on the USS Oklahoma during the attack. He climbed down a turret and got into the oily waters and swam to safety.

It is getting harder to organize the Pearl Harbor observance as there are fewer survivors and others are less able to move about. It is estimated that Kansas has about 60 survivors from that day.

The PHSA once numbered at 20,000. It is now down to 4,800.

Wichita was transformed almost over night into a major manufacturing center for the war effort.

The Greatest Generation.

Pearl Harbor Anniversary

Today marks the 67th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and other US bases in the Pacific. This event plunged the country officially into World War II the following day when Congress approved FDR's request for a declaration of war.

WJHC Channel 7 in Panama City, Florida, on Dec. 4th had a news item on two of The town's Pearl Harbor Survivors, Ronnie Earl. 90, and Newton Brooks, being honored by the Naval Divers Unit.

Mr. Earl remembers: "When the building started shaking I asked the Sergeant what's going on and he said that's the marines doing maeuvers. Then two seconds later he says no, no, no it couldn't be that; they don't do that on Sunday. We both went outside and saw that it was airplanes with red meatballs on the side. We knew it was Japanese planes, we knew it was war."

The local Pearl Harbor Survivors Association used to have 28-29 people at meetings, but it is now down to 2 or 3.

Evidently, servicemen referred to the Japanes insignia as meatballs. I've seen it mentioned as such before.

The Greatest Generation.

Saturday, December 6, 2008

Pearl Harbor Survivors

Dec. 7, 1941, "Day That will live in Infamy."

Taken from various accounts of papers around the nation.

Yuba City, Az, resident Joe Langdell, 94, will be going to the ceremony at the USS Arizona Memorial. He was on the Arizona that day and is a member of the USS Arizona Reunion Association and the Feather River Chapter of the PHSA.

The Arizona Association meets every five years, and the next one was scheduled for 2011, but moved up to this year because of rapidly declining membership.

Langdell intends to have his ashes interned with his shipmates aboard the Arizona, a service available since the mid-1980s.

About sixty survivors are expected to attend the ceremony.

From Dec. 4th Appeal-Democrat.

FROM THE SANIBEL-CAPTIVA ISLANDER (FL)-- Eugene Spencer, 96, moved to Sanibel in the mid-70s and will attend the 66th Annual Pearl Harbor Survivors Association Reunion in Fredericksburg, Texas. He was a First Class Petty Officer on the destroyer USS Dobbins during the attack.

He remembers, "The boats were floating in oil. The people were jumping from the ships into the water."

FROM THE DEC. 5TH FRAMINGHAM (Mass) TAB-- Gerald Halterman, 87, was stationed on the USS Oklahoma that day. He was evidently not on board and was unable to get a gun and found cover near a ball field and watched the attack. He remembers after the attack that the guards were so nervous he wouldn't go out at night for fear of getting shot.

The Greatest Generation.

Pearl Harbor Anniversary Tomorrow

Dec. 7, 1941, a Day That Will Live in Infamy. That day's 67th anniversary is tomorrow.

The December 3rd Post-Tribune of Northwest Indiana had an article by Michelle L. Quinn about Pearl Harbor Survivor Raymond Crane, 83, who spoke at the Hammond Rotary Club's annual Pearl Harbor luncheon.

At the time of the attack, Crane was a 16-year-old Navy Machinist Mate 2C on board the USS Maryland. He knows it only took the USS Oklahoma, tied up alongside, six minutes to capsize, but his sense of time that day is very skewed.

He had been at mass on the Maryland when he heard someone saying there was a Japanese plane flying overhead and looked out a porthole just as the first bomb went off and sirens began. After that, it was pandemonium.

"We went to our stations, which were at the bottom of the Maryland. We said our prayers, and we could feel the boat rocking as the ties to the Oklahoma pulled apart."

"After awhile, we heard some people overhead, so I hit the porthole with a dog wrench. An officer opened it and asked how long we'd been down there, and we told him we'd reported to our station earlier that morning. He looked at us and said, 'That was yesterday! You boys have got to be hungry!!!'"

He remembers a hole being cut into the Oklahoma's capsized hull and four sailors being pulled out from the same battle station he occupied.

That's a Lot for a 16-Year-Old to Experience. --Cooter

Friday, December 5, 2008

Pearl Harbor Survivors Reunion

The Dec. 3rd Fredericksburg (Tx) Standard reports that more than 100 Pearl Harbor Survivors will gather in Fredericksburg Dec. 4-7th for their 67th national convention. (Actually, I thought they didn't form until the 1960s.)

Sunday, the anniversary of the Day of Infamy, a special program will be held at the National Museum of the Pacific War, beginning with a missing-man flyover by jets while local churches ring their bells. It will conclude with a flyover of vintage WW II aircraft and a 21-gun salute.

Who knows how many other reunions there will be as these men (and women) are getting very old?

A Salute to You. --Cooter

Bits O' History: Return to England-- Sub Found-- NC Shipbuilding Co.

Some New News About Old Stuff.


1. RETURN TO ENGLAND-- On Nov. 19th, WDBJ 7 of Roanoke, Va. reports that WW II Ace Bill Overstreet will be returning to England for the first time in 60 years to visit the airfeild, talk with former pilots and even some former enemies. He was in the 357th fighter group which escorted bombers on missions over Germany. His P-31 Mustang was called "The Berlin Express."


2. SUB FOUND-- The Nov. 14th New Hampshire Sentinel reports that a sunken WW II submarine was found off the Maine coast. It was sunk by the US Navy for training purposes, about 12 miles off Portland, Maine. The 221-foot long S-21 was found by Joe Cushing.

It was used by the navy to train pilots and destroyer crews to detect and engage enemy sunmarines.


3. NC SHIPBUILDING CO.-- The North Carolina Shipbuilding Company broke ground on the banks of the Cape Fear River at Wilmington in February 1941, and launched its first vessel Dec. 6, 1941 (which would be tomorrow, 67 years ago). At the highth of production, there were more than 24,000 workers operating 24-hours a day. Operations ceased in 1946 after 243 ships had been built.

Photos are on display at the Cape Fear Museum until Dec. 31, 2008.

Now that some operation and clearly shows America gearing up for the war well in advance of our entry.

Now You Know. --Da Coot

Tuesday, December 2, 2008

National Museum of Amercan History Reopens

The November 21st Chicago Tribune ran this article by Brett Zongker, AP.


The Star Spangled Banner is so threadbare that you can see through some of the tattered sections.

The museum, which draws millions of visitors a year, has been closed for two years (I didn't know that) and had an $85 million overhaul and reopened Nov. 21st with a three day festival.

The Star Spangled Banner hung near the entrance for nearly 200 years as it slowly fell apart. Now, it is a centerpiece and is in a climate controlled gallery which should help.

The museum's central core has been made easier to navigate. An atrium has been made in the five-story v=building with a skylight. Six artifacts including an 1865 telescope from Vassar College, a statue of George Washington, and a "Dumbo car from a 1960s Disneyland ride, mark the wings of the three exhibit halls which are organized into themes.

There is even a CP30 costume from the "Star Wars" movies. A picture with the article showed a "Whites Only" lunch counter that helped spark the Civil Rights Movement. Probably from the Woolworth's in Winston-Salem, NC.

Go to the Museum. -Old Coot

Pearl Harbor Survivor Recalls That Day

Richard Nisson, 92, of Plymouth, Massachusetts, will attend a Pearl Harbor Remembrance ceremony at Yarmouth town hall Dec. 2nd. He currently is in a hospice with cancer.

On Dec. 7th, he was an ensign on the seaplane tender USS Curtiss which had just arrived in Pearl Harbor two days earlier. That morning, he was climbing a ladder when he heard the planes and was wondering why the air force was practicing so early on a Sunday morning.

Once topside, he saw a plane banking with a "big red meatball" on its wings and saw smoke billowing from Battleship Row.

A Japanese minisub fired a torpedo at the Curtiss, but missed, but a Japanese dive bomber crashed into one of the ship's cranes.

The November 24th Plymouth Patriot Ledger showed a picture of the USS Curtiss at Pearl harbor with smoke billowing up from it.. Wikipedia says that the ship was hit and 19 died. Repairs were completed in four days.

The Pensacola Naval Aviation Museum will honor Pearl Harbor survivors Dec. 7th.

The Greatest Generation. Cooter

Bits 'O History: Slave Ship Found-- Illinois Sites Closing-- Nostalgic Toys Comeback

Some New News About Old Stuff.


1. SLAVE SHIP FOUND-- The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reports that the remains of the Spanish slave ship Trouvadore, which sank in 1841 off the Turks and Calcos Islands have been found.

Survivors included 192 Africans whose descendants today make up some of the residents of the islands.


2. ILLINOIS SITES CLOSING-- The Nov. 28th USA Today reports that 12 state historic sites and 7 parks closed Sunday because of a $2 billion state deficit.


3. NOSTALGIC TOYS COMEBACK-- Tinker Toys, Nerf Footballs, Easy-Bake Ovens, Big Wheels, Lincoln Logs, Erector Sets and other "classic toys are making a comeback because of the depressed economy. These items, which are not as high-tech and as such, not as expensive are selling well.

Now, You Know. --Cooter

My Wife's Memories of the OLA Fire

My wife attended school at a nearby Catholic school and knew some of the survivors and victims. Her father had a little corner store in the neighborhood that served the Our Lady of Angels School and she spent a lot of time there and got to know neighborhood residents.

She said that a lot of the families began moving out of the area and out to the suburbs after that.

50th Anniversary of the OLA Fire in Chicago-- Part 2

Continued from yesterday.

GRACE RILEY

Grace Riley was 23 that day an an emergency room nurse. She was cutting the clothes off a first-grade girl when the girl said, "Oh nurse, my face hurts so bad." She looked up and saw the girl's face was totally burned. As more children were brought in the acrid smell of burnt flesh became overwhelming.

The memory and smells of that day are still with her. She also helped place bodies on the floor so gurneys were available for the living.

There was an extensive graphics section including cut-away view of the building.

One graphic showed the injuries and deaths by room. It went room (grade), number of students, escaped, injured, and killed.

207 (5th/6th), 40, 39, 1, 0
208 (Seventh), 47,21, 13,13
209 (eighth), 55, 45, 8, 2
210 (fourth), 57, 14, 15, 28
211 (eighth), 64, 23, 17, 24
212 (fifth), 55, 6, 21, 28

What struck me was the number of students in these classes.

At the time of the fire, there were 1600 students and 30 faculty members. The fire began at approximately 2:15 PM.

You can find more information at
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-our-lady-of-the-angels-fire-students-killed,o,6650568.story

One of Those Times You Have to Wonder Why It happened.

Monday, December 1, 2008

Dead Page: Doolittle Raider, Great Escape Leader-- Pearl Harbor Survivor

DAVID "DAVEY" M. JONES, 94

A member of the Doolittle Raiders died Nov. 25th. On April 1942, a group of B-25 bombers took off from an aircraft carrier and launched an attack on Tokyo that did wonders for US morale and seriously upset the Japanese psyche.

These men all knew it was a one-way trip and that there was not going to be enough fuel to return to the carrier.

Jones and his crew bailed out over China and Jones, with the aid of Chinese people, was able to get back to the US.

Another Doolittle survivor, Ed Horton, Jr., died last week in Florida.

Jones was later shot down in North Africa in December 1942 and spent two and a half years as a POW at Stalag Luft III and led a digging team in the Harry tunnel in the even later known as the Great Escape.

Nov. 29th Arizona Daily Star.

From Dec. 5th San Antonio Express-News. Jones was born in Oregon and grew up in Tucson. Graduated from Univ. of Arizona. Commanded the No. 5 bomber of the 16 B-25s and took off from the USS Hornet to attack Tokyo and four other cities. Later rose to the rank of Major General in the US Air Force.

MARSHALL "MAC" McCLOUD, 89

Was buried at the Tennessee Veterans Cemetery after serving a long time as the chairman of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association in the state.

On Dec. 7th, he was a technical sergeant with the 34th Combat Engineers and claims that they fired the first shots of the US in the battle. They were ordered to Schofield Barracks, but only made it as far as Wheeler Field.

The Greatest Generation.

50th Anniversary of OLA Fire in Chicago

Today marks a very sad day in the history of Chicago, the 50th anniversary of the Our Lady of Angels School fire that claimed the lives of 92 children and 3 nuns. It took place December 1, 1958. Today, these kids would have been 67-71 years of age.

THE STORY OF MARK STACHURA

Max Stachura stood helplessly trying to get his nine-year-old son Mark to jump from the window of his burning classroom. He was trying to get his son to jump into his arms, but Mark was too afraid.

His mother Mary arrived at the scene and saw that he was waving a statue of the infant Jesus which they learned later that he had won in a class competition earlier that day.

They had to watch as the other children pushed him back into the flames. His body was later identified by a crumpled up homework paper in his pocket.

The cause of the fire has never been conclusively identified and no one has ever been held accountable for the tragedy.

However, schools across the country now have fire drills because of it.

From the November 29th Chicago Tribune

A very Sad Day.

Sunday, November 30, 2008

Thanksgiving-- Part 3

Still taking this from Oneida Joyce Martin's "Devotions for Clubs and Life."

ABRAHAM LINCOLN TO THE RESCUE

After the Union victory at Gettysburg in 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

Businessmen seeking relief from the Great Depression by having a longer Christmas shopping season, got President Roosevelt to move it to the third Thursday in 1939, but after three years of protest agreed to return it to the fourth Thursday.


A TURKEY STORY

The abiding symbol of Thanksgiving, the turkey, was originally a wild bird known to Mexicans and Central Americans. Early Spanish explorers took it to Europe and the bird was finally domesticated in Turkey. Hence the name.

Sounds Turkish to Me. --Old Coot

Thanksgiving-- Part 2

Continued from Nov. 28th.

President John Adams proclaimed Thanksgiving in May in 1798 and April in 1799. President Jefferson believed it to be too religious and citing the separation of church and state, refused to proclaim it. One minister, somewhat upset, had a prayer in church, "Oh Lord, endow the president with a goodly portion of Thy Grace for Thou, Oh Lord, knowest he needs it."

THE END OF THANKSGIVING?

Things were looking pretty bad for it until three Southern states: Georgia, Texas, and Virginia began observing it in 1855.

Sara H. Hale, editor of Godey's Lady's Book in the mid-1800s waged a one-woman campaign for more than forty years urging politicians to adopt a uniform national Thanksgiving Day. She first wanted July 4th.

More to Come. --Cooter

Friday, November 28, 2008

Speaking of New England

The Swamp Fox, writing in the Nov. 27th Dixie Historical Society Blog had a part of a 1946 pamphlet printed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy to North Carolina Public schools.  It was saying that history was being rewritten to give a earlu US history a New England slant at the expense of southern contributions.  They mentioned a couple things that I didn't know about.  Guess I'll have to do the old Wiki.

"There is a grave danger that our school children are  learning more about Massachusetts than about Carolinas..." One example was that all children knew about Paul Revere's ride, but, very few, including myself, have ever heard of the 40 mile ride Jack Jouitte took from  tavern to warn Virginia's governor Thomas Jefferson and the legislature of the approach of a British force intent on capturing them. I have since found the name spelled as Jack Jouett.

Everybody's heard about the Boston Tea Party which took place at night by colonists disguised as Indians, but few, again myself, have heard  of the Wilmington, NC, Tea Party done in broad daylight by undisguised colonists.

Then, there is the trend of calling Plymouth the cradle of American liberty when there was already an English colony on the James River preceding it by 13 years.

http://dixiehistoricalsociety.blogspot.com

Looks Like I Have Some Stuff to Look At.  --Don't Know Nothing Coot

Thanksgiving

From Devotions for Clubs and Life by Oneida Joyce Martin.

Mom brought this to my attention and there were some items I hadn't hgeard of before.

Thanksgiving's beginnings can be traced to 1621 when Gov. William Bradford of the Massachusetts Colony proclaimed a three-day feasting and sporting day to celebrate the survival of the group. A small band of Indians joined them for boiled eels (YUM), venison, wild duck, clams, mussels, cornbread, plums, and SWEET WINE!! I didn't know the Pilgrims drank.

Massachusetts Bay Puritans and the Dutch in New Amsterdam liked the idea and observed it every so often. The Puritans, of course, were against drinking and games.

Historians in the Middle and Southern colonies believe the observation started there, but, usually this is regarded as a New England custom.

OLD GEORGE

George Washington proclaimed a day of thanks for his army in 1782 and each soldier got extra food and TWO NEW SHIRTS. Later, Washington as president proclaimed November 26, 1789, as a day of thanks.

More to Come. --Coot

Tuesday, November 25, 2008

Another Illini Tradition Bites the Dust


Just a year ago, famed Chief Illiniwek, a University of Illinois symbol who performed at football and basketball games was forcibly retired due to NCAA pressure. I was glad to see that he made a one game return, albeit not at a football game, but on campus in a non-college appearance.

Now, the sweet Sioux Tomahawk, given to the winner of the annual Northwestern-Illinois game has also bitten the dust.

This was started by the schools' respective student newspapers in 1945. At first, it was a cigar-store Indian, but in 1946, it was stolen. The Tomahawk trophy replaced it in 1947.

Illinois still has the wooden turtle called Illibuck which goes to the winner of the game with Ohio State and the winner of the game with Purdue gets the possession of a cannon.

That Is, At LEAST Until a Reptile Lover Group or Anti-War Group Gets Their Way. I Hate to See Traditions Die Because of PC. And I'm Not Talking About Personal Computers. --Da Coot

Sand Island Lighthouse-- Alabama

The Sand Island Lighthouse which has withstood over a century of storms, including Hurricane Katrina, is in a precarious situation these days with its island being washed away by the Gulf of Mexico. For all these years, it has guided vessels into Mobile Bay.

The original lighthouse was blown up by Confederates in 1861 to prevent its falling into Union hands, and rebuilt in 1883 on a man-made pile of granite rocks.

Withstanding Katrina was no easy feat, considering that the small Chandeleur Island Lighthouse simply disappeared and the 1890 New Canal Lighthouse on Lake Pontchartrain was demolished.

Lets Hope Funds Can be Found to Save It. --Cooter

Monday, November 24, 2008

Another World War II Bomb Found

According to Channel 13 TV News in Orlando, another WW II was found at the former Pinecastle Jeep Range near Orlando, Florida.

The nearly 12,000 acre range was used during World War II for practice bombing, air-to-ground rocket firing, and high-explosive bombing.

Most of the heavy practice occurred in a 500 acre part of the training grounds.

Dead Page: Decorated WW II Vet--- Slinky

JOHN ROBERT EASTWOOD, 84

Died Nov. 17th in San Bernardino, Ca.. A highly-decorated veteran of World War II, he joined the military at age 17 and was captured at the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium and assigned to Stalag 12, near Nuremburg, Germany.

From there, he and fellow prisoners were often moved from one camp to another. During those times, they suffered great hardships marching hundreds of miles in the snow and sometimes subsisting on one potato and a piece of bread a day.

He received five Bronze Stars and a Silver Star during the war.

San Bernardino, (Ca) Sun


BETTY JAMES, 90

Co-founded the company that made the popular toy Slinky, along with her husband Richard, in 1945. In 2001, they were inducted into the Toy Hall of Fame. She took charge of James Industries 14 years later in 1959, when her husband joined a cult in Bolivia. He died in 1974.

Hundreds of Millions of them have been made. She described their success in 1995, "I think really it's the simplicity of it. There's nothing to wind up; it doesn't take batteries. I think the price helps."

Associated Press

Thursday, November 20, 2008

Dead Page: Holocaust Ar Dealer-- Jimi Hendrix Drummer

JAN KRUGIER 1928-2008

Dealer Used Art to Deal with Holocaust Memories.

Died Nov. 15th. Born into a Jewish family in Radom, Poland. His father was an art collector which sparked his interest. Joined the resistance to Nazi occupation at age 12 and arrested. Taken to several concentration camps, including Treblinka, but managed to escape.

Captured again and taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau where one night he witnessed the execution of 8,000. Forced on death marches as the Nazis retreated from the Soviet advance. Liberated at end of war, but lost all of his immediate family.

Established an art gallery in Geneva which specialized in 19th and 20th Century art.


MITCH MITCHELL 1947-2008

Last Surviving member of the Legendary Guitarist's Band

Drummer Mitch Mithchell was found dead in his hotel room Nov. 12th. His drummer was a powerful force on the Jimi Hendrix Experience's 1967 debut album "Are You Experience?" and especially on "Fire" and "Manic Depression." He had been on the Jimi Hendrix Tour at his death.

Jimi Hendrix died in 1970 and Noel Redding in 2003.

Both obituaries from AP

Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Obama's Sam Cooke Connection

As I mentioned yesterday, the Chicago Tribune has gone Obama crazy. However, i must admit that the articles are quite interesting.

Mary Schmich, in her Nov. 16th column, wrote about Barack Obama using Sam Cooke's "A Change is Gonna Come" in his Grant Park address to those celebrating his victory. "It's been a long time coming, but tonight, because of what we did on this date in this election, change has come to America."

Sam Cooke's brother, L.C. Cooke was listening and said, "It shows you the longevity of Sam."

"A Change is Gonna Come" was a hit for Sam Cooke in 1964 and became an unofficial anthem of Obama's campaign. Of course, there are the other great Cooke songs like "You Send Me," "Chain Gang," "Wonderful World," and "Twisting the Night Away.

Sam and L.C. were born only eleven months apart and went with their family as babies on the Greyhound bus from Mississippi to Chicago. Their father, a minister, got them and three of their siblings into a group called The Singing Children.

Sam was a successful singer by 19, famous by 26, and dead at 33, shot by a hotel clerk who claimed it was in self-defense.

One of My Favorite Performers. --Cooter

Tuesday, November 18, 2008

World War II Merchant Marine Experience

All to often, the role the United States Merchant Marine played in the final victory in World War II is overlooked. Very simply put, without them, we couldn't have won it. They are the ones that carried the supplies, equipment, munitions, and men to where they were needed. They faced dangers from submarines, mines, armed raiders, destroyers, aircraft, and the elements. In fact, one in twenty-six on average died for their efforts.

Beverly Brand had an entry in the November 12th Quincy Remembers World War II Blog-a look back at the war years in Massachusetts' City of Presidents.


Beverly Brand accounted of her step-father First Mate John J. Diehl and his 36-ship Liberty ship convoy's Murmansk run carrying Lend-Lease supplies to the Soviet Union. This was the most-dangerous run of all. They were attacked constantly by German U-Boats operating in wolf packs.

In July 1942, only 11 of 36 merchant ships in Convoy PG17 made it. First Mate Diehl was one of the lucky ones. He later became a captain after the war.

http://quincyww2.wordpress.com

A Very Unappreciated Branch of the Services. --Cooter

Gettin' Obamafied-- Part 2

Some more headlines from articles in Sunday's Nov. 16th Tribune.

Obama urges aid for homeowners and automakers

Democrats weigh how hard to hit agenda

Obama security strains force-- about the amount of money the city doesn't have to pay for all the added security to the president-elect.

Seeking a spiritual home in D.C.-- where will they attend church?

Loyalty pays off for Gibbs-- advisor Robert Gibbs who will likely be White House press secretary.

They met Obama when... 13 people who knew him before he became president including the Illinois Senate president Emil Jones, political reporter Dick Kay, his brother-in-law, pastor of Lilydale First Baptist Church, his barber, founding-member of his South-side organizing group, another brother-in-law, law professor at Univ. of Chicago, Sox general manager, a Chicago writer and activist,, the Illinois comptroller, and chef Rick Bayless.

Question irks gun owners
Hello White House, bye-bye BlackBerry--he'll probably have to give up his beloved BlackBerry.

Obama's Sam Cooke connection-- about the song "A Change is Gonna Come."

Whoa, I'm Completely Worn Out. And, That's Just ONE Day. --Old Coot

Gettin' Obamified

The Chicago Tribune sure has jumped on board the Obama bandwagon. Just some articles in Sunday's paper.

WhatWould These Be Worth to You?

About Topps coming out with Obama trading cards before the inauguration ($1.99 a pack of six cards and a sticker (WHAT, no GUM???).

A 2000 Dodge Neon once-owned by Obama.

A doodle made by Obama of fellow Democratic senators a man bought at auction for $2,075.

And what they're going to do with his old chair from the Illinois Senate.

Top stories on the Tribune web-site about the Secret Service code names and the Tolerance fails story about the middle school girl in Oak Brook who received all sorts of grief when she wore a McCain Girl tee shirt, but was a cool person when she wore Obama Girl the following day.

And, That's Just Some of Them. I'll Continue. Had Enough? --Cooter

Monday, November 17, 2008

HMAS Surviving Crewmembers Disappointed

The November 15th Perth Now reports that the surviving members of the Sydney's crew, in their 80s and 90s, are greatly disappointed that they will not be able to attend Wednesday's funeral for the "Unknown Sailor." They can watch it on the big screen in a public service in Geraldton, Western Australia, because the Geraldton War Cemetery is too small.

Former Sydney torpedo man Tom Fisher, 87, who transferred off the ship just three weeks before its disappearance after serving nearly two years, says that he is sure the "Unknown Sailor" would have preferred his crew mates at the ceremony as opposed to politicians and dignitaries.

There are six former Sydney crew members living in West Australia.

Former Sydney signalman Ean McDonald, 90, says it is a snub and a disgrace.

The Royal Australian Navy says it is not a snub, but due to how small the cemetery is.

The Crew Should be Allowed to Attend Before All Others. --Cooter

Saturday, November 15, 2008

Dead Page: USS Waller "Plank Owner"-- WW II Vet Dies at Ceremony

HAROLD EDWIN KINGSTON, 90

Of Wilmington, Delaware, died October 8th. He was a "plank owner" which means an original crew member on the USS Waller, DD-466, a 2,100 ton Fletcher-class destroyer. He served as radioman from 1942-1944, and was many famous battles, including Rennell Island (where the Waller rescued survivors of the USS Chicago after it was torpedoed and sank), Guadalcanal, Bougainville, Kula Gulf, Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands, and others.

The Waller never suffered any casualties while Kingston was aboard. He attended every USS Waller reunion which took place every two years. Oct. 17th Coastal Point, Ocean View, Delaware.


JOHN WEINBERGER, 85

WTMJ Channel 4 of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, reported that John Weinberger died Tuesday at the Veterans Day ceremony in Washington County. He was one of the two remaining Pearl Harbor survivors in the Washington County.

In 2006, he had returned to Pearl Harbor and placed a wreath 50 yards away from where he had stood that day on board the USS Whitney.

The Greatest Generation.

Friday, November 14, 2008

Bits O' History: 16 Million-- Hamlet Sunk-- Monopoly in WW II

Some New News About Old Stuff.


1. 16 MILLION-- Records indicate that some 16 million Americans served during WW II. By 2000, only 5.7 million still were alive. Estimates say that 1000 a day are dying now. How many will be alive by 2010?


2. HAMLET SUNK-- C.J. Christ in his War in the Gulf column in the August 31 Houma (La) Courier wrote about the Norwegian Motor Tanker Hamlet which was torpedoed by a German U-Boat May 27, 1942, and sank off Morgan City en route from Beaumont, Texas, to the United Kingdom with 64,139 barrels on crude oil.

it was hit by 3 torpedoes from the U-753 and sank in 60 feet of water. Christ specializes in the naval war in the Gulf of Mexico during World War II and wrote 7 columns from 2000 to 2001. Makes for interesting reading.

Thanks, Mr. Christ.


3. MONOPLY IN WW II-- Helen Mildenhall in her August 26th Conversation at the Edge blog wrote about the British Secret Service putting maps in the Monopoly game boxes to help prisoners escape from German prisoner of war camps. The guards didn't check them much as they were happy that the games kept the Allied prisoners occupied.

The POW version had a metal file and a compass in the game pieces and some of the game money was real, for use in the escape.

I never knew this. Check it out at http://conversationattheedge.com. Look up Monopoly World War II. Very interesting article.

Now, You Know. --Da Coot

Wednesday, November 12, 2008

HMAS Sydney: Eight Bells-- Stories Based on Nothing

1. Eight bells tolled for the crew of the HMAS Sydney across Australia at yesterday's Remembrance Day. A special service was also held at St. Patrick's Basilica in Freemantle.

2. STORIES BASED ON NOTHING-- Claims that bodies of the Sydney's crew were buried in the sand hills along the West Australian coast have been dismissed by an inquiry as "mere stories based on nothing.

A claim was made by David Angwin who describes himself as "a digger with a shovel." He also claimed that the captain of the Kormoran, which sank the Sydney, had the crew of a Japanese submarine in the area executed.

The article seemed to indicate that the Kormoran's crew killed the Sydney's survivors and buried them on land.

Kind of Hard to Believe. --Cooter

Oldest World War II Medal of Honor Winner

While reading about Veterans Day observances, I came across the name of John W. Finn, 100, who is not only the oldest surviving World War II Medal of Honor winner, but also the only MoH winner at Pearl Harbor still alive.

On December 7, 1941, he was stationed at a VP-41 squadron at Kaneohe Bay on Oahu. He manned a 50 caliber machine gun in an open area and for 15 minutes maintained fire on the Japanese planes, shooting one down while being wounded 21 times in his chest and abdomen.

He was ordered to leave his post, was treated in sick, and returned to duty to rearm planes. He later spent 14 days in sick bay.

http://www.homeofheroes.com/united/finn.html

On 9-11, he was only 55 miles from New York City on his way to Boston for a Medal of Honor Reunion when the planes hit.

One of the Greatest Generation

Mexican Campaign 1914

I'd never heard of it before, except for the Medal of Honor won by Henry Nickerson in the earlier post from today. So, I had to look it up.

It dated back to the Tampico Affair, April 9, 1914, where a group of US sailors and Mexican forces loyal to Victoriano Huerta faced off during the Mexican Revolution. In response, President Wilson ordered the US Navy to Vera Cruz, Mexico.

On April 21, 1914, Wilson ordered the immediate occupation of Vera Cruz upon hearing that a German ship was headed there with a huge arms shipment for Huerta... Ninety Americans and 300 Mexicans were killed.

This united a divided Mexico with Venustiano Carranza and Huerta demanding an immediate American withdrawal. Wilson later accepted mediation from the ABC Conference with Argentina, Brazil, and Chile.

The occupation lasted six months and did nothing to improve Mexican-American relations.

Thanks Wikipedia and Wilson Foreign Policy.

Medal of Honor Memorial Planned for Wheeling, West Virginia

The November 12th Wheeling Intelligencer News-Register reported on a Veterans day observance in Wheeling.

The speaker noted that there were seven Medal of Honor winners from the Wheeling/Ohio County area and that plans are in motion for a marker to remember them by. It will be at the Wheeling Heritage Point and will cost approximately $15,000.

Four of the recipients got theirs in the Civil War:

JOSIAH M. CURTIS-- at Petersburg--buried at West Liberty Cemetery
DANIEL A. WOODS-- Sailor's Creek-- buried Greenwood Cemetery in Wheeling
JOSEPH MCCAUSLIN-- Petersburg-- buried West Alexander cemetery in West Alex, Pa.
THOMAS ANDERSON-- Appomattox Station-- Dunkard Cemetery in Lone Pine, Pa.

INDIAN WARS

WILLIAM DIXON-- civilian scout for Army-- at Washita River, Texas Sept. 12, 1874-- buried at Adobe Walls Battlefield Site in Hutchinson, Texas.
DANIEL BISHOP-- March 25, 1873--Turret Mountain, Arizona Territory-- buried at Greenwood Cemetery in Bellaire.

MEXICAN CAMPAIGN

HENRY NEHEMIAH NICKERSON-- USS UTAH-- seizure of Vera Cruz, Mexico August 21, 1914-- buried at Greenwood Cemetery, Wheeling.

Always Honoring Our heroes. --Cooter

Tuesday, November 11, 2008

The VJ Day Kiss Seen Round the World

The November 10th World Net Daily had an article on the woman in the famous Life photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt at Broadway and 45th Street on Victory in Japan Day on August 14, 1945. This is where the sailor grabbed a nurse and planted a big kiss on her lips. This day is also called VP Day, Victory in the Pacific.

The nurse, Edith Shein, 90, of Los Angeles, will serve as the grand marshal at New York City's Veterans Day parade today. After the picture was taken, the former kindergarten teacher and still unidentified sailor went their separate ways.

She said, "This guy grabbed me and we kissed, and then I turned one way and he turned the other. There was no way to know who he was, but I didn't mind because he was someone who fought for me."

Several women over the years have claimed to be the nurse, but most believe Edith is the one.

Wouldn't It Have Been Neat If They Had Ended Up Marrying Each Other? --Cooter

Bits O' History: Remembrance Day-- NJ WWII Memorial

In Honor of Veterans Day.


1. REMEMBRANCE DAY-- Being held in Australia. Especially poignant with the locating this year of the wreck of the HMAS Sydney off the west coast of Australia. A bigger memorial is planned for later this month on the actual day of the ship's sinking.


2. NJ WW II MEMORIAL-- Will be dedicated today in Trenton, New Jersey. Ground for the $7.4 million project was broken in January. It is estimated that 90,000 WW II veterans live in New Jersey.

A Salute to All Our Veterans. We Can Never Repay Them. --Cooter

Last Veterans Day for WW I Vets?

This 90th observance of the end of the War to End All Wars could also be the last one for the four remaining veterans of World War I who are all in their 100s.

Today, representatives of the warring countries between 1914 and 1918 are gathering at the 1916 Battle of Verdun in France where 300,000 men died over an eleven month period.

REMAINING VETERANS

Britain has three: Henry Alingham, 112; Harry Patch, 110, and Bill Stone, 108. These three men, representing the RAF, Army and Royal Navy will lead a two-minute silence at the Cenotaph National War Museum in London today.

In the US, Frank Buckles, 107, of West Virginia, is the sole remaining veteran.

Erick Kastner, the last German soldier died in January of this year at age 107. Lazare Ponticelli, the Italian-born last French soldier died in March.


CASUALTIES 1914-1918

Germany- 1.9 million
Russia-- 1.7 million
France-- 1.4 million
Austria-Hungarian Empire-- 1 million
Britain-- 760,000

Staggering Thoughts. A Salute to the Few Survivors.

Monday, November 10, 2008

Marine Corps Women's Reserve

Like I said, I knew nothing of this organization before Saturday. I looked it up in Wikipedia.

By the end of World War II, 85% of all enlisted personnel at the Marine HQ were women. They were demobilized in 1946 with 17,640 enlisted and 820 officers having served. The purpose of the organization was to provide women with shore duty so the men could do combat duty.

After demobilization, only 1000 women remained until 1948 when they officially became part of the Corps.

Dead Page: World War II Woman Marine

ADA DODSON 1914-2008

From the September 30th LA Times.

Ada Dodson was one of thousands of women who served in the Marines during World War II. Until Saturday, I didn't even know there were women Marines, but the oldest Marine at the Marine Corps Birthday breakfast was an 84-year-old female corporal from the war.

"I joined the Marines because they were the toughest and the best."

Born Ada DiStasio in Italy in 1914, she was living in Milwaukee working in a defense plant making turbines for US submarines when the Marine Corps Women's Reserve was established in February 1943.

She enlisted in 1944 and was sent to Norman, Oklahoma to be trained as an aviation machinist along with other women and men. She said, "The men didn't like us girls being there. They didn't treat us very well, but that made me work all the harder...."

Despite her training, she was assigned to office work at the El Toro air station where she spent the duration of the war. She was discharged in 1946 and married fellow Marine Marcus Dodson, who had been at Iwo Jima and later worked with her.

Their marriage lasted 60 years. She was very active in all things dealing with women in the Corps.

Another of the Greatest Generation.

Dead Page: Blighted Gardner-- JFK's Photographer-- Dinosaur Guy-- Under the Boardwalk

November Deaths


VELMA JOHNSON 1946-2008

Her group turned blighted spots of Chicago's North Lawndale Neighborhood into bright spots.

As president of the North Lawndale Greening Committee, she and her volunteers filled more than a dozen vacant and debris-strewn lots with flowers, vegetables, walking paths, and benches.

She was a career postal worker. This part of Chicago is what is referred to as a really bad neighborhood, dangerous for passers-through and those who live there. Her efforts helped improve the situation and I hope others will take up her work.


CECIL STOUGHTON 1920-2008

JFKs Photographer. First White House Cameraman who took famous picture after assassination.

Cecil Stoughton took the famous photo of Lyndon Johnson being sworn in as president on board Air Force One. A stunned Jacqueline Kennedy stood beside him.

His photographs of the Kennedy White House helped create the aura of what later became known as Camelot. He was an Army captain in 1961, when he was picked to photograph daily life in the White House. In all, he shot about 12,000 pictures during the Kennedy years.


MICHAEL CRICHTON 1942-2008

Screenwriter and author of "Jurassic Park" and "The Andromeda Strain." Also, the popular TV series "ER" is based on his work.



RAY ELLIS 1923-2008

Pop music arranger and writer who worked with the Four Lads, Bobby Darin and others.

Arranged music for Four Lads' "Standing on a Corner" and "Moments to Remember;" "Splish Splash" and Dream Lover" for Bobby Darin; and "Where the Boys Are" for Connie Francis.

Working with Jerry Wexler at Atlantic Records, he arranged R&B classics such as Ben E. King's "Spanish Harlem" and the Drifters' "Under the Boardwalk."

In 1958, he arranged Billie Holiday's last two albums.

Dirty Politics

The October 19th Chicago Tribune ran an article in their Perspective section on 10 Things You Might Not Know About DIRTY POLITICS by Mark Jacob. They run these ten Things You Didn't Know columns several times a month and they are always interesting.

And, of course, this being Chicago, who would have any idea about such a thing. "It can't happen here."

Before we forget about the election and all the mudslinging. We were fortunate in Illinois not to be one of those "Battleground" states. Mudslinging and bad talk was all I heard while visiting family in North Carolina the last year. We didn't have much here in the Prairie State.

Anyway, here goes:

1. In Britain, operatives showed up in nursing homes with pre-marked absentee voter ballots in what was called "Granny Farming."

2. At one time, Roman Catholics were considered scary. Al Smith, a Catholic running for US president in 1928, was called a "rum-soaked Romanist." His opponents circulated pictures of New York's Holland Tunnel with captions saying it was the beginning of a tunnel to the Vatican.

3. In the 1946 Georgia primary for governor, Eugene Talmadge appealed to white racists by hiring a look-alike of his opponent to ride around in a limousine with two cigar-puffing blacks in the backseat. It worked, but Talmadge died the night before his inauguration.

More to Come. That Mark Jacob is One Funny Guy. --Cooter

Friday, November 7, 2008

Lincoln at the Chicago Historical Museum

October 22nd Chicago Tribune by William Mullen.

The Chicago Historical Museum plans events and exhibits in honor of Abraham Lincoln's 200th birthday celebration next year even though he didn't spend a lot of time in the city.

According to Russell Lewis, the museum's chief historian, "He was a leading railway lawyer, and all railroads in those days went through Chicago so he had a lot of important business acquaintances here and a lot of political allies and supporters."

he was even a member of the museum, inducted as an honorary member in January 1861, five years after the museum's founding. After his death, some 1,500 Lincoln artifacts and documents ended up at the museum. Most of these are not on display, but, for the bicentennial, an effort will be made to get them out.

Some of the items are ballots from the Republican National Convention of 1860 in Chicago, campaign banners, his handwritten note to Stephen Douglas agreeing to the debates during his 1858 run at US senator.

The two most famous museum pieces are his death bed and carriage.

Zima, Falstaff, Brim, Burma Shave, and Underalls

What do these have in common? They were here and now they're gone, or almost gone.

ZIMA-- MillerCoors has announced they're pulling the plug. That's ok. I don't like it.

FALSTAFF BEER-- Falstaff Brewing Launched 1903. In 1960s, Falstaff was America's third largest brewer. Tapped out 2005. Don't remember drinking it, but probably did because it was cheap.

COLECOVISION-- Launched 1982. Gaming system discontinued 1984. Not a gamer.

BRIM-- Launched by General Foods in 1971. "Fill it to the rim with Brim." Overshadowed by Sanka. Pretty much gone. I don'tmuch like decaffeinated.

BURMA-SHAVE-- Launched 1925. Great billboards along roadsides until mid-sixties when Americans flocked to interstates. Owned by American Safety Razor today, but none made. I'd use it for the signs.

BURGER CHEF-- Launched 1954 in Indianapolis. Had first kids meal; Funmeal. By 1970, there were 2,400 of them. Mascots Burger Chef and Jeff. Last one closed in 1996. Hardee's acquired them in the 1980s. Don't remember ever eating at one.

UNDERALLS-- Launched by Haines in 1976. Combo of hose and panties. "Show us your Underalls." Oh Yeah!!

October 22nd Chicago Tribune. By Louis R. Carlozo.

Gone And Not Completely Forgotten. --Cooter

Illinois Site Attendance Related to Past Presidents

It is expected that sites associated with President-Elect Obama will have an increase in visitors.

Here are the 2007 numbers for other Illinois presidential-related sites.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN-- and they'll be even higher in 2009 as we celebrate his 200th birthday.

DAVID DAVIS MANSION-- 41,045
LINCOLN LOG CABIN-- 82,735
LINCOLN-HERNDON LAW OFFICE-- 37,774
LINCOLN'S NEW SALEM-- 423,176
LINCOLN'S TOMB-- 339,073
METAMORA COURTHOUSE-- 10,991
MT. PULASKI COURTHOUSE-- 1,447
OLD STATE CAPITOL-- 109,254
POSTVILLE COURTHOUSE-- 5,152
VANDALIA STATEHOUSE-- 31,690
PRESIDENTIAL MUSEUM-- 424,472
LINCOLN HOME-- 369,747

ULYSSES S. GRANT HOME-- 88,851

RONALD REAGAN BOYHOOD HOME-- Not Available

From Nov. 6th Chicago Tribune

Presidents Are Big Tourist Draw. -Cooter

Wednesday, November 5, 2008

Bits O' History: WW II Remains Identified-- New Jersey WW II Monument-- Unknown WW I Group

1. WW II REMAINS IDENTIFIED-- The remains of Army Air Force Staff Sergeant Martin F. Troy have been identified and will be buried with military honors at Arlington National Cemetery November 20th. He was a native of Norwalk, Ct.

On June 30, 1944 he was in a B-24H Liberator in a bombing mission to the oil refinery in Blechammer, Germany when the plane was shot down by German aircraft and crashed into a swampy area near Nemevita, Hungary, beside Lake Balaton. Nov. 3rd NewsDay

2. NEW JERSEY WW II MONUMENT-- The New Jersey World War II Memorial will be dedicated November 11th in Trenton across from the State House. Yesterday, a 12 foot statue of "Lady Victory" was put in place on a five foot pedestal.

She holds a sword in her left hand and a wreath of peace in her right. Her left foot is on a German swastika flag and left on a Japanese Rising Sun flag. Nov. 3rd Real Time News.

3. UNKNOWN WW I GROUP-- Suffolk, England playwright Juliet Gilkes-Romero has a play called "At the Gates of Gaza" honoring the hundreds of Jamaicans and West Indian men who served in World War I in Palestine fighting the Turks under General Allenby.

Very little is known of these valiant soldiers.

Now, You Know. --Cooter

If Barns Are Your Thing

Here's a great site to visit, especially a good one for me since I not only like old wooden barns, but also live in McHenry County, Illinois.

We have a barn group called the McHenry County Historical Barn Preservation Association which is quite active in working to save McHenry's rapidly decreasing number of barns. They are falling into disrepair and also being torn down as more and more farms become subdivisions are commercial areas.

They've had five barn tours now, most recently last month where they visited eleven barns. There are lots of barn pictures in the gallery section.

As a matter of fact, today we are taking out boat to a barn west of Hebron for winter storage. One barn on our way to Woodstock on Ringwood Road is half fallen in and another on 120 was torn down. A great one with a boo face on the side was torn down or collapsed on Miller Road.

Great website at www.mchenrycountybarns.org.

The group was established in 1997.

Save That Old Barn!! --Cooter

Dead Page: Rockwell's Boy Scout-- Benihana Chain Founder

ARTHUR ROBERT "BOB" HAMILTON

Died July 28th at age 82. He was the model for Norman Rockwell's Boy Scout paintings during WW II. He became an Eagle Scout at age 15. In Rockwell's 1944 painting, he was the teenager giving the Boy Scout Salute in "We, Too Have a Job to Do" urging the collection of rubber and growing victory gardens.



HIROAKI AOHI "ROCKY"

October 9, 1938- July 10, 2008

A former Japanese wrestler who founded the popular Benihana chain of Japanese steakhouses. He was also a thrill-seeker, offshore power boat racer, and inducted into the National Wrestling Hall of Fame in 1995.

He was born in Japan and moved to the US where he worked seven days a week on an ice cream truck he rented. He got an associate degree in restaurant management at NY City Community College.

In 1964 he used $10,000 that he save from his ice cream business and got his father to co invest in the first Benihana, a four-table place on West 56th Street.

Benihana is taken from the Japanese word for a safflower, suggested by his father who had seen one while walking through the bombed ruins of Tokyo at the end of WW II and came across a single safflower growing in the rubble.

Dead Page: Motown Songwriter and Producer

NORMAN WHITFIELD 1941-2008

He didn't get all the publicity of Berry Gordy or Motown performers, but he was at the heat of many notable recordings like "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and most of the Temptations recordings.

Mr. Whitfield died September 18th. He won two Grammys during his career.

Most often he'd write with Barrett Strong and along with "Grapevine", wrote "Ain't Too proud to Beg" and "Just My Imagination."

He produced song like "Beauty is Only Skin Deep, "Ball of Confusion," "Cloud Nine," and "Papa Was a Rolling Stone."

One of the Greats.

Tuesday, November 4, 2008

US WW II Tank Discovered in France

Back in June, a US tank from WW II was discovered under a street in a town in northern France. Bomb experts were brought in to check to see if there could be an explosion.

It is thought that the tank was part of the 31st Tank Battalion. Old-timers in Chartres, about 55 miles southwest of Paris remember that it broke down or ran out of gas. After France was liberated, it was pushed down a hole and covered. Several tanks have been found in such a way in France over the years.

Ten years ago, a British 27 ton Mark 4 WW I tank was found in Flesquires near the Belgium border. It had been abandoned at the Battle of Cambroi.

Anybody Want to Buy a Slightly Rusted and Used WW II Tank? --Cooter

HMAS Sydney-- The Mystery Man

In the last minutes of the battle with the Kormoran, a badly wounded Sydney crewman climbed into a life raft and drifted away from the burning ship. Weeks later, the body drifted up on Christmas Island and was buried.

People have long been wondering if he was from the Sydney and now they know he most-likely was. But, which of the 640 crewmen was he?

Navy forensic experts have narrowed his identity down to four possibilities. They have tracked down and obtained DNA samples from the families.

The body was recovered in October 2006. Little clothing remained, but there were button eyelets from WW II overalls. Samples were sent to the Australian War Memorial which discovered the threads had been white, the color worn by officers.

Dental records and bone structure had already narrowed the list of possible identities to just over 200 of the 645 crew members of the Sydney. But only twelve of that number would have worn white.

The Sydney Story Continues. --Cooter

An Election Story

This being election day 2008, there was an interesting story in today's Chicago Tribune about a photograph taken back in 1946.

During a 1946 voter registration drive, the mother of Charles Linn parked his stroller out in front of a sign reading " Don't Cry.. About Bad Government If You Don't Vote!! Register Now." And, as if on cue, or perhaps he missed his mother, Charles Linn started crying and the moment was captured by a Tribune photographer.

Now, how's that for being in the right place at the right time. The picture was published in the Tribune the next day, October 6, 1946.

Charles Linn was stricken by polio as a child, but didn't let that stop him. He went on to be a lawyer and active in many social causes before dying in 1998.

I guess today, if Linn's mother left him outside a store, she'd be arrested for child endangerment.

Hope this gets through to those who didn't register or who don't vote. I'm out of here in a few hours to vote myself. Pretty important election you might say.

A Trip Back. --Cooter

Monday, November 3, 2008

Still Hunting Down Nazis

The October 15th Chicago Tribune had an article about the state of the Nazi Hunt. The war ended over six decades ago, and like all people from that era, they are dying off of old age fast. But the German Office for the Investigation of "National Socialist Crimes, in charge of tracking the guilty ones down is far from shutting down. Actually, they are busier than ever.


Kurt Schrimm and his staff of six comb records from around the world in a final push for justice. Right now, they are pursuing 20 to 40 cases, including former US auto worker John Demjanjuk accused of being Nazi concentration camp guard Ivan the Terrible.

The office was established in 1958. A big problem today, is that the targets and witnesses are in their eighties and up, many have died, and others are too frail to stand trial. Most of today's leads come from documents as opposed to witnesses.


JOHN DEMJAMJUK

He has been fighting the Ivan the Terrible charges for 30 years now. After emigrating to the US in the 1950 Ukranian-born DemJamjuk worked at a Ford plant in Ohio and gained US citizenship.

In the 1970s, Holocaust survivors identified him as the feared Treblinka guard and he was extradited to Israel where, in 1988, he was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death. That was overturned in 1993 after judges ruled there was reasonable doubt.

DenJamjuk,88, is now living in Ohio and has had his US citizenship revoked and restored. Germany is trying to extradite him on charges that he also took part in the killings at Sobibor Death Camp in Poland.

"As Nazis age, leads still live" by Laurie Goering. Notice the name.

Sunday, November 2, 2008

A Little Hair of the Dog that Bit You-- Well Human Actually

It's a hair thing. Collecting hair has become a big business, and I'm not talking about just any old hair, but hair of the rich and famous.

John Reznikoff has a collectible shop in Westport, Ct, where he has a copy of the Declaration of Independence and Ernest Hemmingway's briefcase typewriter, but says his best piece is a $500,000 strand of Abraham Lincoln's hair. he says it was taken from Lincoln on his deathbed and the detritus is dried brain matter.

He also has strands of hair from George Washington, John F. Kennedy, Napoleon, Beethoven, and Chopin.


NO LONGER A GENTLEMAN'S HOBBY


At the turn of the 20th Century, it was the hobby of a few dozen gentlemen, but, today, it is a multi-million dollar industry. It first took hold in the Victorian Era where admirors would ask for a lock of hair instead of an autograph.

Today, thousands clamor for Marilyn Monroe's hair (rare), Katherine Hepburn (rarer) and Elvis Presley (rarest).

Now, with DNA, the lives of celebrities are open to investigation. In October, one collector spent $119,000 for Che Guevera's hair. Babe Ruth's hair went for $38,000 and John Lennon's for $48,000/

There are Big Bucks in Hair, Indeed.


THE REZNIKOFF COLLECTION

Some of his specimens are John Wilkes Booth, John Dillinger, and recently, Eva Braun's. Most of his archive came from the Margaretta Pierrepont collection. She was the wife of President US Grant's attorney general. Reznikoff purchased the 60 locks for about $100,000.

July 31st Chicago Tribune. By Jerry Guo, New York Times NewsService.

She Asked Me Why, Why I'm a Hairy Guy. For the Money Says I. --Cooter

Saturday, November 1, 2008

Drive-Ins on a Rebound?

This year, the venerable American institution called drive-ins celebrated its 75th anniversary. However, they face a dismal future with encroaching suburban sprawl, VCRs, and DVDs. Yet, in Charleston, Illinois, there is going to be a new drive-in opened this year by Mark and Carl McSparin.


A HISTORY

Drive-ins started as an experiment by Richard M. Hollingshead in Riverton, NJ, around 1930. He placed a Kodak projector on the hood of the family car and nailed a screen to a tree.

By June 6, 1933, he had gotten partners and opened the "Drive-In Theatre" in Camden, NJ. "Wives Beware," was the first film with tickets selling at 25 cents apiece.

By the end of the thirties, there were about 20 drive-ins. By 1949, the number stood at 820. Returning GIs were looking for affordable family entertainment. The 1950s are regarded as the golden age of the drive-in. Most historians regard 1958 as the high point with 4,063 around the US.

During the 1960s and 1970s, the number remained around 4,000. Original owners began retiring and theaters had problems getting first-run movies. The biggest wallop came from the growth of VCRs, cable TV, and indoor multiplexes. By 1990, the number was down to below 1000. In 1999 the number stood at 447 and today is 383.


TODAY

That number is stabilizing. People are returning to the drive-ins. Partly because of the low price which will often get you a twin feature of current movies. Also. many return for the nostalgia and want their kids to experience it.

Illinois has a dozen, including the McHenry Outdoor Theater, about six miles from my house. Plus, there is a fairly new one a few miles off Route 66 in Springfield, Illinois, and the Skyview in Litchfield, an original one.

Every year, I go to a nearby Dog 'N Suds and then to the Drive-in for a Retro Night. This last year it cost $7 to see two first-run movies. Not a bad deal, but getting a bit too late for these tired old bones.

Glad to See Drive-Ins on the Rebound. --Da Coot

June 8th Chicago Tribune "Drive-ins find hope in twilight years" by Ted Gregory.

Bits O' History: --Maxwell Street Market On the Move Again-- Old Ship Found-- Blackbeard's Cannon

Some New News About Old Stuff.


1. MAXWELL STREET MARKET ON THE MOVE AGAIN-- The September 8th Chicago Tribune reports that Chicago's famous Maxwell Street Market is on the move again. This past September, vendors sold on Canal Street for the last time and then moved a few blocks away to Desplaines Street.

It was on Maxwell Street for 120 years. In 1994, it moved to Canal Street because of University of Illinois at Chicago's expansion.

What would the Blues Brothers think?


2. OLD SHIP FOUND-- UPI October 30-- A ship that sank in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana sometime between 1808 and 1820 has been discovered to have a vast amount of weapons on board.

The so-called Mardi Gras wreck was found in 2002, but only recently has been filmed by remote vehicles and it appears that it was up to questionable activity.


3. BLACKBEARD'S CANNON-- Greenville, NC's Eyewitness News reports that another cannon has been recovered from what is believed to be Blackbeard's Queen Anne's Revenge which ran aground at Beaufort Inlet in 1717.

Twelve cannons have been raised so far. This one will be brought to a conservation center in Greenville and will undergo a year of work before being returned to the Beaufort Maritime Museum.

Now, You Know. --Old Coot